The purpose of this paper is to discuss the Battle of Iwo Jima or Operation Detachment, the events that caused the battle and the after effects it had on the United States. The Battle of Iwo Jima was one of the most major battles of WWII of 1945. Although, during WWII many battles were fought this was one of the most important because, American invasion had the goal of capturing the entire island including its three airfields, to provide a staging area for attacks on the Japanese main islands. It was the fiercest and bloodiest fighting of War World II. The battles itself was immortalized by Joe Rosenthal's photograph of the raising of the U.S. flag on top of the Mount Suribachi by five U.S. Marines and one U.S. Navy battlefield Hospital Corpsman.
The two of main battle leaders were General Holland McTyeire "Howlin' Mad" Smith of the U.S Army and General Tadamichi Kuribayashi of Imperial Japanese Army. Admiral Marc Andrew "Pete" Mitscher, General Graves Blanchard Erskine, General Clifton Bledsoe Cates, Lieutenant General Keller Emrick Rockey, Chester William Nimitz, and Admiral Raymond Ames Spruance also helped lead the U.S to victory during the battle of Iwo Jima. General Tadamichi Kuribayashi was assisted by Colonel Baron Takeichi Nishi who commanded the 26th Tank Regiment under the Ogasawara Corps (“The Battle of Iwo Jima,” n.d.).
U.S Battle Leaders
General Holland McTyeire "Howlin' Mad" Smith Holland Smith was born on April 20, 1882 in Hatchechubbee, Alabama. He received a Bachelor of Science degree from Auburn University in 1901. Smith, become first sergeant of a cavalry company in the Alabama National Guard. He then sought a commission in the Army, but instead was appointed a Marine second lieutenant on March 20, 1905. In April 1906, Smith sailed for the Philippines, where he served on expeditionary duty with the 1st Marine Brigade until September, 1908. He remained with the 1st Brigade until April 1914, returning to the United States on May 30, 1917, he sailed for France and WW I just two weeks later as commander of the 8th Machine Gun Company, 5th Marines. In September 1943, General Smith arrived at Pearl Harbor to begin planning for the Gilberts campaign. He continued to head the V Amphibious Corps until August 1944, when he was named Commanding General, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific, at Pearl Harbor. Subsequently, he commanded the Fleet Marine Force. In addition to that post, he commanded Task Force 56 in the Battle of Iwo Jima before returning to the United States in July 1945 (“Holland Smith,” n.d.).
Japan Battle Leaders
General Tadamichi Kuribayashi was born on the 7 July 1891 in Nagano Prefecture, Japan was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army, part-time writer, haiku poet, diplomat, and General (Taisho) of the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff. He is best known for being overall commander of the Japanese garrison during the Battle of Iwo Jima. Just two weeks later, on 8 June 1944, he received orders...