This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Battle Of Iwo Jima Essay

1112 words - 4 pages

The Battle of Iwo Jima
The Battle of Iwo Jima was a large scale land battle in which the United States Armed Forces fought for the island of Iwo Jima against the Imperial Japanese Navy. Prior to this battle the Japanese had been on the offensive in the war, however now it was their turn to defend their home from invading enemy forces. The battle of Iwo Jima was a turning point in World War II as it was the first attack on Japanese home soil.
Despite its size, Iwo Jima was considered to have great tactical importance for both the Japanese and the Americans in the war as there were three airfields on the island. Under Japan’s control they were being used by Japanese fighter planes to attack American bombers on their flights to bomb Japan. Under American control, the airfields could be used as emergency landing bases for airplanes damaged in bombing raids. They could also be used for fighter planes to escort the bomber planes on their way to Japan once under American control.
(Hastings 263-269)

A map of Iwo Jima. (Wolny)

America also wanted Iwo Jima because they needed a base near Japans main islands, it would allow for the sea and air blockade of Japan and the ability to conduct air bombardment and to destroy the enemy's air and naval powers.
Knowing that the island was of such importance, the Japanese needed desperately to maintain control of it. There were about twenty two thousand soldiers under the command of Lieutenant General Kuribayashi. These soldiers had had the time to build very strong defensive positions throughout the island. Kuribayashi knew that his options for launching attacks were
Madden-Fong 3
practically nonexistent as he needed every last one of his soldiers on the island to defend it from a looming American attack.
(Toll 490-500)
That attack came; Iwo Jima was attacked by bombing raids for more than two months before the actual land invasion. For three days prior to the attack, six American battleships had been ordered to start continuously shelling the island. The Americans believed that this shelling would greatly hinder Japanese efforts. Knowing of its strategic importance the Americans did everything they could to gain an advantage during the actual land invasion.
The first day of the landings was February 19th, 1945. The Marines took loses, as the extensive American bombing had not been very effective at hindering the Japanese. The only things the bombing had done was churn up the sand on the beaches and the immediate land so that the Japanese were given far more opportunities to find hiding spots for their snipers than would have been available otherwise. It also meant that American movement inland was hindered as the area had been so heavily bombed. In addition to that a few Japanese snipers could hold back an American advance for hours.
On February 20th one day into the battle, the Marines captured the southern end of Iwo and moved to take the summit of Suribachi (a strategically...

Find Another Essay On The Battle of Iwo Jima

Iwo Jima: How did the Japaneses lose the battle of Iwo Jima?

1307 words - 5 pages HistoryOn December 7 1941 Japan launched a surprise attack on a military port in Pearl Harbour, Hawaii. Shortly after Japan and America began to fight in the Pacific theatre. One of the most famous battles between Japan and America was the battle of Iwo Jima. This battle had many important strategic opportunities for America; due to its big air base and its location 1200 kilometres from Tokyo. Japan knew that America wanted the island but they

US and Japanese Strategy in the Battle of Iwo Jima

928 words - 4 pages on the left. The 3rd Marines would either land on the eastern beaches or assume a defensive role, which ever was called (Planning for the Battle of Iwo Jima, n.d.). Though their whole defense was based on the waves themselves. Sixty-eight Tracked Landing Vehicle, comprising the first wave, were to hit the beach. The armored amphibians would use their 75 mm howitzers and machine guns to the utmost in an attempt to keep the enemy down, thus

"The Platoon" and "The Sands of Iwo Jima"

1127 words - 5 pages "The first real casualty of war is innocence (Platoon 1986)." Although this may seem to be the most imperative casualty, there are far worse fatalities in battle. Perhaps, with suffering there can be a positive outcome that can improve a person's mind and soul. In viewing these two war films, Platoon (1986) and The Sands of Iwo Jima (1949), I have analyzed the similarities, differences, and the types of images these films have brought to the

The Bloodiest Battle: The Battle of Okinawa

1652 words - 7 pages situation. From the beginning I had insisted that our proper strategy was to hold the enemy as long as possible, drain off his troops and supplies, and thus contribute our utmost to the final decisive battle for Japan proper." (Yahara, The Battle for Okinawa) The Japanese chose not to defend the coastal line unlike they had in the Battle of Iwa Jima. They were prepared for a long battle. Japanese had also dug in a system of tunnels, pill boxes, and

The Battle of Okinawa

931 words - 4 pages earned these names becasue of the intensity of the gunfire. At some battles there had been no civilians, but Okinawa had a large civilian population, and the losses were at least 150,000.American losses were over 72,000 casualties, of which 18,900 were killed or missing, over twice the number killed at Iwo Jima and Guadalcanal combined. Several thousand soldiers who died from wounds and other causes at a later date are not included. About a third

Battle of the Somme

1053 words - 5 pages The Battle of the Somme, or “humanity’s bloodiest battle”, took place between July 1st and November 18th, 1916 (Wikipedia). The German Empire was pitted against the French and British Empires, resulting in over 1,000,000 men wounded or killed, 60,000 of them being on the first day of the battle. This battle was one of the largest and bloodiest battles on World War I, making it consequential to the French, British, and German Empires. Although

The Battle of Britain

632 words - 3 pages My topic of this essay is "the Battle of Britain". I think "the Battle of Britain" is an important event in the British 20th century. In this essay I will explain this battle between Germany and Britain, discuss the importance of winning this battle, and what could be the consequences if Britain lost this battle. Lastly I will discuss how this event has marked the British history in later time."The Battle of Britain" took place during the WW2

The Battle of Gettysburg

1286 words - 6 pages It is known as the bloodiest battle ever fought on American soil: The Battle of Gettysburg. It seemed that the battlefield was hungering and thirsting for blood. Entering with great momentum, the South lost. The Battle of Gettysburg roared on for three whole days until the North, finally, was victorious. This victory added to the North’s dwindling momentum. This battle delivered a major blow to the South’s ego and drove the

The Battle of Yorktown

1367 words - 6 pages The Revolutionary War started in 1775. The American colonies have had enough of the British occupants and set their foot down in pursuit to freedom and independence. Each battle that happened during the Revolutionary War had its own significance and contributions to the independence of the colonies. Many brave men laid their lives in pursuit of the dream of independence from British control. One particular battle paved the way for that

Battle of the Atlantic

836 words - 3 pages The Battle of the Atlantic was a battle during World War II for control of the routes used by Britain to move supplies across the Atlantic. The Battle of the Atlantic was started by the Germans. It was not a direct attack but an indirect attack. Britain, as an island country has always depended on sea-going trade. During WWII this was even more the case. Britain needed to import over one million tons of supplies every week. By this battle, the

The Battle of Saratoga

840 words - 4 pages did this so he could get all of his money back. The Americans were tired of this treatment so they decided to act and war had began. The Battle of Saratoga The Battle of Saratoga was the turning point of The American Revolutionary War. On June 1777, British and Hessian army departed from St. Johns to Fort Ticonderoga at the south end of the lake. The army of 7,000 had separated and started a long march to war. On October 17, 1777

Similar Essays

The Battle Of Iwo Jima Essay

1451 words - 6 pages The purpose of this paper is to discuss the Battle of Iwo Jima or Operation Detachment, the events that caused the battle and the after effects it had on the United States. The Battle of Iwo Jima was one of the most major battles of WWII of 1945. Although, during WWII many battles were fought this was one of the most important because, American invasion had the goal of capturing the entire island including its three airfields, to provide a

The Battle Of Iwo Jima Essay

1784 words - 8 pages The Battle of Iwo Jima In the early morning of 19 February 1945, United States Marines assigned to the 3rd, 4th and 5th Marine Division led the initial assault on the Japanese controlled island of Iwo Jima, with the objective of capturing and securing the island. This was the beginning of one of the fiercest and bloodiest; and more decisively, the most strategically important battles fought during World War II. After the dust had settled, and

The Battle Of Iwo Jima Essay

985 words - 4 pages Iwo Jima. A tiny, barren island only 5 miles long that looks like a pork chop. An island only 660 miles south of Tokyo, Japan. An island whose name translates as Sulphur Island because of the many vents that give out rotten egg smelling sulphur fumes. An island described by the soldiers as "Pure Hell". An island where one of the most fiercest and bloodiest fighting the Marines have ever been in took place. The Battle of Iwo Jima.American

The Battle Of Iwo Jima Essay

902 words - 4 pages The battle of Iwo Jima occurred during the World War 2, the first major battle to happen during the World War 2 on Japanese homeland. The island of Iwo Jima was an important location because the US needed a place for fighter planes and bombers to land and take off when attacking Japan. The Japanese knew that the land was such an importance; they were determined to keep control of it. Iwo Jima is a small island located 750 miles south of Tokyo