The Battle Of Louisburg The Fall Of Louisburg, A Frecnch Fort On The Coast Nova Scotia, To The English Navy Was A Turning Piont In The Seven Years War In North America.

3385 words - 14 pages

Since the Norman conquest of Britain by William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy in 1066, the histories of Britain and France had been inevitably intertwined. Most of the wars throughout the past millennium had included the involvement of the French and English, whether as enemies or allies. When they were fighting each other, they were the bitterest of enemies. Examples of this include the Hundred Years War, wherein England fought to conquer all of mainland France. The war lasted over a century, with a final result that England lost most of it's continental possessions. In 1803, France, under Napoleon Bonaparte plotted to invade England. Napoleon allied with Spain to take control of the seas, but was defeated at Trafalgar by Lord Nelson in October of 1805 (World History Encyclopaedia, pg 162). Napoleon continued to conquer Europe and controlled Portugal in 1807. The French looked unbeatable by 1812, but in 1814 the empire collapsed and Napoleon was exiled to Elba. Napoleon returned in 1815, and raised an army, but was defeated by Lord Wellington at the Battle of Waterloo on June 08, 1815, and exiled to St. Helens where he spent the rest of his life (WHE, pg. 163). In 1914 Britain fought alongside France and Russia, against the Central Powers, which included Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire. Although the Allies won, Germany again became a problem in 1939. Britain, allied with France, the Soviet Union, and the United States defeated the Axis, including Germany, Italy, and Japan, to emerge as the strongest European powers once again.It was during the Seven Years War that England and France went head to head, as it were, on three different continents. Europe was the main battlefield, where England allied with Prussia to fight France, Russia, and Austria. Although England made few gains in Europe, they succeeded in capturing France's possessions in India and in North America, in what is known to some as the "real" first world war.The war in Canada was determined by the English victory at Louisbourg, in what is now Nova Scotia, as it gave the British momentum, as well as a foot hold in Canada. Louisbourg was called a "Stupendous Stronghold" (Donaldson, pg. 75) by the French, and was also a main trading post with France. The British realized how important Louisbourg was to the French, so it was their first target of the war in North America. Although the Seven Years War was primarily fought on land, it was Britain's naval superiority which led to the defeat of the French and the capture of the province of Quebec. Had the French had a superior navy, the outcome could have been drastically different.For centuries now, the British navy has been renowned as the strongest in the world. The British fleet was feared by enemies, and was a source of comfort to allies. England's position, an island off the North Western coast of Europe, and it's trade with other nations was conducive to a knowledge of seafaring. The British had to develop this...

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