The Battle Of Nanjing Essay

1270 words - 5 pages

The Battle of Nanjing, also known as the Rape of Nanjing was a particularly horrific battle during World War II from December 9, 1937 to January 31, 1938. After World War I, Japan was suffering crucial economic complications. Due to the fact that America was experiencing the Stock Market crash, they were not purchasing any goods from the Japanese and business was deteriorating. They started to demand more territory, and they were bothered by the fact that countries were investing more in China. The Japanese viewed China as a threat, and they assassinated Chang Esolin, and blew up one of their own railways that was located in southern Manchuria on September 18, 1931. Not only did they blow up the railway, but also they then murdered Chinese guards and contrived a story that made the Chinese look atrocious. This then gave the Japanese a justification to obtain Manchuria, and rename it Manchukuo. Chinese were maddened by this action, and a group of Japanese Buddhist Priests was besieged by a Shanghai mob. One of the priests was murdered, and Japanese immediately reciprocated this action by bombing the city of Shanghai. The bombing killed thousands of civilians, and exasperated the Chinese so deeply that it provoked a full-blown war with the Japanese.
When the Japanese came to their destination of Nanjing, the Chinese were apathetic to their demands of surrender. General Iwane Matsui along with Lieutenant General prince Asaka instructed the Japanese 36th Infantry Regiment of the 9th division to bombard the Chinese at Guanghua Gate. Their technologically advanced weaponry absolutely devastated the Chinese troops, and they gained entrance to Nanjing through the demolished gate. Tang Shengzhi, the leader of the Chinese troops fundamentally advised the troops to not evacuate. He then fled through the Yijiang gate, and abandoned the troops to fend for themselves. The Chinese went into complete and utter panic, and tried to disappear into the civilian population, some even trying to escape through Yigiang gate as Tang had. The Japanese announced that the attack was a success, and four Japanese divisions infiltrated Nanjing with 50,000 men. The ruthlessness that the Japanese exhibited throughout this battle is putrid. They used various torture tactics such as: Live burials, disembowelment, decapitation, mass incineration, and freezing to death. In live burials, Japanese forced the first group of Chinese to dig a grave for the second group, and so on. They also had a competition between each other where they tried to decapitate as many Chinese civilians that they could. In addition to those strategies, many were raped. Tang had said, “A pregnant woman began to fight for her life, clawing desperately at a soldier who tried to drag her away from the group to rape her. Nobody helped her, and in the end the soldier killed her, ripping open her belly with his bayonet and jerking out not only her intestines but a squirming fetus.” (Chang 86). Girls from all ages...

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