This paper will provide information on The Battle of New Orleans and its relevance to today’s Army. Research was derived from several reliable internet sources such as www.militaryhistory.com and an article from The National Geographic online database. Many think that the Battle of New Orleans between the United States and Britain was uncalled for. The Treaty of Ghent, signed in late 1814, ended the War of 1812. Even though the treaty was established prior to the beginning of the Battle of New Orleans, communication was proven faulty, delayed, and ineffective.
The Battle of New Orleans' Relevance to Today's Army
The Battle of New Orleans was a major battle in the War of 1812. The Battle of New Orleans was a devastating blow for the British. The United States’ triumph of this battle amplified nationalism, and Andrew Jackson became known as an American idol. This paper will provide a detailed background on the Battle of New Orleans, a view on why this monumental battle is significant to today’s Army, and a discussion of Andrew Jackson’s leadership.
The Battle of New Orleans lasted from December 23, 1814 through January 8, 1815. It was a battle fought during the War of 1812 (1812-1815). The location of the battle was in Chalmette Battlefield. This battlefield was located south, down river from New Orleans. The United States Army was led by Major General Andrew Jackson also known as “Old Hickory”. He was given that nickname because of his toughness. The United States Army consisted of roughly 3,500 to 5,000 men. The United States Army developed from the 7th US Infantry; a mixture of militia; Baratarian pirates; free Blacks and Native Americans. The British Army was led by Major General Edward Pakenham and Admiral Sir Alexander Cochrane whom was in charge of the British fleet. The British forces were combined with British Naval troops from Jamaica and Napoleonic War veterans, totaling from 7,500 to over 10, 000 troops. According to Greene, New Orleans was home to a people of French, Spanish, African, Anglo and Creole individuals devoted to pursuing financial opportunism and the joys of life (2000). Britain, known for its huge disrespect and robbing of American ships, wanted to seize New Orleans because of its port located 100 miles from the mouth of the Mississippi. According to Hickman, with the Napoleonic Wars ending in Europe, Britain was able to concentrate attacking the Americans in North America. However, on December 24, 1814, the Treaty of Ghent was established by both American and British officials gathering in Belgium. Signing of the Treaty of Ghent would end the War of 1812. The agreement simply stated all territories captured would be returned to its primary possessor, The United States. Britain would have to honor the United States’ boundaries. Unfortunately, the treaty was received two weeks after the Battle of New Orleans. The Battle of New Orleans could have been prevented if the treaty had been delivered hastily with urgency.