The Battle Of Okinawa Essay

931 words - 4 pages

The Battle of Okinawa was fought on the island of Okinawa in the Ryukyu islands which are located south of the four big islands of Japan. It was the largest amphibious assault during the Pacific campaign of World War II. It was also the largest sea-land-air battle in history and lasted from April through June of 1945. Nobody expected it to be, but it was the last major battle of the war. The Americans were planning Operation Downfall, an invasion of the main islands in Japan, but never happened after the Japanese surrendered due to the atomic bombs that were dropped by them first in Hiroshima, and then in Nagasaki. Another reason the operation didn't happen was because of the Soviet Union declaring war on Japan. The battle became known as "Typhoon of Steel" in English and "tetsu no ame," "tetsuno bofu" by the Okinawans, which mean "rain of steel" and "violent wind of steel." The battle earned these names becasue of the intensity of the gunfire. At some battles there had been no civilians, but Okinawa had a large civilian population, and the losses were at least 150,000.American losses were over 72,000 casualties, of which 18,900 were killed or missing, over twice the number killed at Iwo Jima and Guadalcanal combined. Several thousand soldiers who died from wounds and other causes at a later date are not included. About a third of the civilain population of the island in spring 1945 were killed. There were about 100,000 Japanese soldiers killed and 7,000 captured. Some of the soldiers blew themselves up with grenades. Some of the civilains, who were convinced by Japanese propaganda that the Americans were barbarians, killed their families and themselves to avoid capture. The battle started on April 1,1945 and ended June 21, 1945. The result was allied victory. The battle was between the United States and Japan, and the United Kingdom had naval involvement only. The Americans commanders were Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr. and Joseph Stillwell. The Japanese commanders was Mitsuru Ushijima. The Americans had 150,000 initially and 548,000 by the end of the battle. The Japanese had 107,000 Army soldiers, and 24,000 armed militias. The American casualties totaled 18,900 killed, 38,000 wounded, 33,096 non combat wounded and 763 planes shot down. The Japanese casualties were 76,000 soldiers killed, 7,455 surrendered/captured (2,300 Japanese) and 150,000 civilains killed. The American land campaign was controlled by the tenth Army, commaned by Simon Bolivar Jr.The army had two corps under its command, III Amphibious Corps, consisting of the 1st and 6th Marine Divisions, with 2nd Marine Division as an afloat reserve, and XXIV Corps, consisting of the 7th, 27th, 77th, and 96th Infantry divisions. At the very end of the campaign Buckner was killed by ricocheting shell fragments, becoming the most...

Find Another Essay On The Battle of Okinawa

The Battle of Britain Essay

632 words - 3 pages My topic of this essay is "the Battle of Britain". I think "the Battle of Britain" is an important event in the British 20th century. In this essay I will explain this battle between Germany and Britain, discuss the importance of winning this battle, and what could be the consequences if Britain lost this battle. Lastly I will discuss how this event has marked the British history in later time."The Battle of Britain" took place during the WW2

The Battle of Yorktown Essay

1367 words - 6 pages The Revolutionary War started in 1775. The American colonies have had enough of the British occupants and set their foot down in pursuit to freedom and independence. Each battle that happened during the Revolutionary War had its own significance and contributions to the independence of the colonies. Many brave men laid their lives in pursuit of the dream of independence from British control. One particular battle paved the way for that

Battle of the Atlantic.

836 words - 3 pages The Battle of the Atlantic was a battle during World War II for control of the routes used by Britain to move supplies across the Atlantic. The Battle of the Atlantic was started by the Germans. It was not a direct attack but an indirect attack. Britain, as an island country has always depended on sea-going trade. During WWII this was even more the case. Britain needed to import over one million tons of supplies every week. By this battle, the

The Battle of Salamis

1016 words - 4 pages The Battle of Salamis was the first great naval battle recorded in the history. There were a series of conflicts between the Greek world and the Persian Empire that started about 500 BC and continued until 448 BC. The Battle of Salamis was one of the conflicts between them that occured in 480 BC. The aim of the essay is to give information about the Battle of Salamis by the aspect of Persia.The Xerxes, the Persian king, wanted to conquer all of

Battle of the somme

619 words - 2 pages This battle is known as the bloodiest battle because over 300,000 men died, with wounded and killed combined the casualties were over 1 million. This battle was fought between the British and German armies. Casualties on the first day were already the worst in the history of the British army. This battle took place from July 1st 1916 to November 18th 1919. There was no clear winner in this battle. Both armies were very badly hurt and neither of

The Battle Of Actium

897 words - 4 pages The Battle of Actium After Julius Caesar was assassinated on the ides of March, there was an immense power struggle in the Roman Empire. Two men came out on top, and each was to rule half of the empire. Octavian ruled Rome and the Eastern Empire, while Marc Antony ruled the Western empire which included Egypt. Both men wanted control over the entire empire, but they also both knew that they couldn't openly do battle. However, Marc Antony made

The Battle Of Actium

897 words - 4 pages The Battle of Actium After Julius Caesar was assassinated on the ides of March, there was an immense power struggle in the Roman Empire. Two men came out on top, and each was to rule half of the empire. Octavian ruled Rome and the Eastern Empire, while Marc Antony ruled the Western empire which included Egypt. Both men wanted control over the entire empire, but they also both knew that they couldn't openly do battle. However, Marc Antony made

The Battle Of Actium

897 words - 4 pages The Battle of Actium After Julius Caesar was assassinated on the ides of March, there was an immense power struggle in the Roman Empire. Two men came out on top, and each was to rule half of the empire. Octavian ruled Rome and the Eastern Empire, while Marc Antony ruled the Western empire which included Egypt. Both men wanted control over the entire empire, but they also both knew that they couldn't openly do battle. However, Marc Antony made

The Battle of Shiloh

1795 words - 7 pages The Battle of Shiloh was an extraordinary event in the civil war timeline and would be a great deal as to when the war was fought at its hardest. The sources I have researched and collected will help me better understand this battle and many other facts I have yet to discover. The Battle of Shiloh is not the most well known battle during the Civil war, but it gives us an idea on how gruesome the fighting was during this time. I view this battle

The Battle of Brakfontein

870 words - 4 pages INTRODUCTION The Battle of Brakfontein was a short brutal battle between joint Australian and British troops against a larger Boer force fought during the Boer War (1899-1902). The Battle of Brakfontein took place in the Brakfontein Drift on the Elands River on modern South Africa, from 4 August 1900 to 16 August 1900. The Boer’s objective was seize the mass supplies being transported along the Elands River, garrisoned by Australian troops. The

The Battle of Fallujah

1328 words - 6 pages On the month of April in 2004, in the city of Habbaniyah, Iraq, a brutal and terrible act took place which ignited one of the bloodiest battles in the history of Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). Four Black Water security members were killed and publicly maimed. The resulting battle left a high casualty rate as well as hundreds of American service members being wounded. This is the story of the events that took place after the events in the

Similar Essays

The Battle Of Okinawa Analysis

2327 words - 9 pages World War II consisted of many devastating battles in both the European and the Pacific Theater. The Battle of Okinawa was fought in the Pacific theater. In the beginning of the battle there was little opposition from the Japanese soldiers but as the American troops traveled more inland the more resistance they met. Eventually, the 10th Army came against the fierce challenge of the intricate defense lines the Japanese held up. Many caves and

The Bloodiest Battle: The Battle Of Okinawa

1652 words - 7 pages The Bloodiest Battle The Battle of Okinawa (codenamed Operation Iceberg) proved to be the deadliest battle on the Pacific side of World War II. The battle involved six countries and more than 180,000 casualties. It became the last campaign in the Pacific and changed the course of history. In part of the island hopping campaign, the United States knew in order to invade mainland Japan, they would need the last piece of the puzzle. Okinawa was

Battle Of Okinawa Essay

1402 words - 6 pages Last and biggest of the Pacific island battles of World War II, the Okinawa campaign (April 1—June 22, 1945) involved the 287,000 troops of the U.S. Tenth Army against 130,000 soldiers of the Japanese Thirty-second Army. At stake were air bases vital to the projected invasion of Japan ("Battle of Okinawa," 1996). The Battle of Okinawa remembered more for its iconic photograph of US Marines raising the US flag on Okinawa more so than any other

Battle Of Okinawa Essay

1403 words - 6 pages and mental patients to man them. These instruments of inhumane destruction were used often in the battle of Okinawa. On the first of April Operation Iceberg Started. The Marines took the is land its self and started to take up an island air-base for defense and to use on the main attack on Japan its self. At the same time the navy and air force bombed Japanese positions and artillery. They also fought for air control. After eighty two days of