World War II began with Hitler ordering his Nazi Army to invade Poland on 01 September 1939. This would begin an almost unstoppable movement of German troops for close to three years with almost no resistance. After pushing through most of Europe there was a neutral nation that did not want to take sides or be involved. The Germans would plan to take this country. Hitler named his campaign “Operation Barbarossa,” invaded Soviet Union in June 1941, and immediately took losses in great numbers. There was a large casualty count on the Soviet side also.
Hitler had sacrificed many forces and exposed to his commanders that he did not have very good tactical knowledge throughout the war. Battle after battle he would move forward, still taking large numbers of casualties. One of Hitler’s commanders, Paul Ludwig Ewald con Kleist, had made major gains with his blitzkrieg. The attack began with a barrage of German bombers followed immediately by armor and infantry. This is the tactic the Germans adopted to make their way through the Soviet Union. A couple hundred miles outside of Stalingrad is where Hitler would make a decision that would alter the course of the war and Operation Barbarossa.
Hitler’s next plan was Operation Blue, taking place in May of 1942. This operation would move German troops to the Caucasus oil fields and control. These fields were important to both the Germans and Soviet Union. Whoever maintained possession had the better chance of controlling the Soviet Union. Since invading the country, Adolf Hitler had grown obsessed with taking over Stalingrad. He was driven by the name Stalingrad, which translates to “the city of Stalin.” He believed that overtaking this one city would crush the spirit of the enemy and he would have minimal opposition in conquering the country. He could also drain the city of its lifeblood
The operation began with the German Army Group South swiftly moving to the Caucasus oil fields. In May, Hitler, seizing an opportunity to kill two birds with one stone decided to split his force in two, creating an Army Group South A and B. Group B would consist of Sixth Army and Fourth Panzer Army, and would head toward Stalingrad to take the city. They would meet resistance in small pockets along the way due to Stalin giving his men special orders.
Later in the month, Stalin would resend his order to his troops of “Not one step back,” not giving his troops the opportunity to retreat. Most would, and Stalingrad was where many would go. The next month is when Hitler would split his forces along the Volga River. On August 19 of 1942, they would reach the city that Hitler obsessed about.
The Germans began their assault on Stalingrad with 1000 bombers, laying waste to a large portion of the city. A majority of the area was in rubble and on fire, killing more than forty thousand people with just the bombings. Soon after the bombings, the Panzers and a division of German Infantry would arrive to...