This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Battle Of Singapore Essay

2932 words - 12 pages

Introduction
The Battle of Singapore took place during World War II from January 31 to February 15, 1942. The two opposing forces were the British and Japanese. Lieutenant General Author Percival led 85, 000 men to defend the war while Lieutenant General Tomoyuki Yamashita commanded the invasion with 36, 000 men. The onslaught to invade British Malaya commenced in December 8, 1941. During this period, General Yamashita started invading this British colony from Indochina and subsequently from Thailand. The Japanese forces that invaded Malaya were obviously outnumbered by the British forces, but they intelligently concentrated their forces and applied combined army skills learned and acquired in earlier campaigns to drive back and flank their enemies frequently. The Japanese forces rapidly acquired air superiority over the Britons, and they exacted a demoralizing blow on the British forces, when a Japanese aircraft sank two integral British battleships. The Japanese also used bicycles and light tanks to swiftly maneuver through the peninsula’s jungles, in order to attack the British armies. Although General Percival was reinforced, his forces were unable to halt the Japanese invasion and in the end, they withdrew from the peninsula and took refuge in the island of Singapore to prepare for the final fight with the anticipated Japanese forces. In the end, the British army lost the war because the Japanese forces expertly combined speed, savagery, and surprise without permitting the British forces to re-group and strategize. The Japanese were able to invade Singapore because of their dominance on the unprepared British forces. They efficiently applied the principles of mass, surprise, objective and unity of command by focusing on their outnumbered forces and acquiring local superiority as the attacks continued throughout Singapore.

The principles of warfare
Mass
Mass as a principle of warfare involves the effects of overwhelming combat power, which is applied at the decisive time and place. This also involves getting to the battleground the fastest. According to this warfare tactic, emphasizing on mass is extremely significant and vital in battle. For example, three friendly forces shooting at a single enemy is better as compared to being in the receiving end of such forces. However, this principle is often violated because mass and mobility are mostly overlooked in army strategies. This often results to superior army forces sometime losing this advantage to the enemy and being defeated in battle. For instance, in the battle of Singapore, the British forces numbers clearly outnumbered the Japanese forces, but because of poor mobility, they lost the battle. The mass of the British forces contained about 90,000 men, encompassing Indian, Australian and British troops. Although the British forces contained the mass in the war, most of the troops were unskilled and had never fired a single shot in their lives. The British contained a strong naval...

Find Another Essay On The Battle of Singapore

Battle of the Somme Essay

1053 words - 5 pages The Battle of the Somme, or “humanity’s bloodiest battle”, took place between July 1st and November 18th, 1916 (Wikipedia). The German Empire was pitted against the French and British Empires, resulting in over 1,000,000 men wounded or killed, 60,000 of them being on the first day of the battle. This battle was one of the largest and bloodiest battles on World War I, making it consequential to the French, British, and German Empires. Although

The Battle of Britain Essay

632 words - 3 pages My topic of this essay is "the Battle of Britain". I think "the Battle of Britain" is an important event in the British 20th century. In this essay I will explain this battle between Germany and Britain, discuss the importance of winning this battle, and what could be the consequences if Britain lost this battle. Lastly I will discuss how this event has marked the British history in later time."The Battle of Britain" took place during the WW2

The Battle of Gettysburg

1286 words - 6 pages It is known as the bloodiest battle ever fought on American soil: The Battle of Gettysburg. It seemed that the battlefield was hungering and thirsting for blood. Entering with great momentum, the South lost. The Battle of Gettysburg roared on for three whole days until the North, finally, was victorious. This victory added to the North’s dwindling momentum. This battle delivered a major blow to the South’s ego and drove the

The Battle of Yorktown

1367 words - 6 pages The Revolutionary War started in 1775. The American colonies have had enough of the British occupants and set their foot down in pursuit to freedom and independence. Each battle that happened during the Revolutionary War had its own significance and contributions to the independence of the colonies. Many brave men laid their lives in pursuit of the dream of independence from British control. One particular battle paved the way for that

Battle of the Atlantic

836 words - 3 pages The Battle of the Atlantic was a battle during World War II for control of the routes used by Britain to move supplies across the Atlantic. The Battle of the Atlantic was started by the Germans. It was not a direct attack but an indirect attack. Britain, as an island country has always depended on sea-going trade. During WWII this was even more the case. Britain needed to import over one million tons of supplies every week. By this battle, the

The Battle of Saratoga

840 words - 4 pages did this so he could get all of his money back. The Americans were tired of this treatment so they decided to act and war had began. The Battle of Saratoga The Battle of Saratoga was the turning point of The American Revolutionary War. On June 1777, British and Hessian army departed from St. Johns to Fort Ticonderoga at the south end of the lake. The army of 7,000 had separated and started a long march to war. On October 17, 1777

Migration from the Nation-State of Singapore

573 words - 2 pages Singapore as a nation-state enmeshed in the globalizing circuits of capital, information, ideas and human flows (Ho, 2006) represent a unique case in the study of migration, where migration can significantly affect the nation’s total population and its make-up more than natural increase. Recent concerns over Singapore’s falling birth rates and the need to inject the economy with foreign labor has sparked discussions over issues of

The Battle of Salamis

1016 words - 4 pages The Battle of Salamis was the first great naval battle recorded in the history. There were a series of conflicts between the Greek world and the Persian Empire that started about 500 BC and continued until 448 BC. The Battle of Salamis was one of the conflicts between them that occured in 480 BC. The aim of the essay is to give information about the Battle of Salamis by the aspect of Persia.The Xerxes, the Persian king, wanted to conquer all of

Battle of the Bulge

1197 words - 5 pages The Battle of the Bulge was one of the most important battles in the European Theater during the Second World War. It was also “The largest and bloodiest battle in American History”(4). The Battle of the Bulge was fought from December 16th 1944 to January 25th 1945 (4). The battle occurred in the Ardennes forest which is located in 4 countries, Luxembourg, Germany, France and Belgium. The Ardennes forest is heavily populated by trees and

The Battle of Bastogne

1185 words - 5 pages The Battle of Bastogne During the fall of 1944, the “Atlantic Wall” had diminished after the invasion of Normandy and the American and allied forces were making their way towards Germany. One of the offensives directed to counteract this; Adolf Hitler focused in on and was attacking the inadequately defended Ardennes front. Had this plan succeeded, through the capture of Antwerp, the Germans would have divided the American and British

the battle of yorktown

918 words - 4 pages The American Revolution began in 1765 and ended in 1783 with the signing of a peace treaty, which confirmed the separation from the British Empire. The purpose of this paper is to acknowledge lessons learned from the American siege that took place in Yorktown, Virginia, known as the Battle of Yorktown. The battle between the Franco-American forces and British Army began September 28, 1781 and lasted until the British surrender in October 19

Similar Essays

The Battle Of Singapore Essay

923 words - 4 pages The fall of SingaporeA brief overviewThe fall of Singapore, also known as the battle of Singapore, was a 15 day long military campaign involving the invasion of Singapore by the Japanese imperial army. This occurred in February of 1942, right in the middle of World War II. The capture and fall of Singapore to the Japanese led surrender by the British and many deaths, damage and also prisoners of war being taken.When did this even take place?The

The Bloodiest Battle: The Battle Of Okinawa

1652 words - 7 pages The Bloodiest Battle The Battle of Okinawa (codenamed Operation Iceberg) proved to be the deadliest battle on the Pacific side of World War II. The battle involved six countries and more than 180,000 casualties. It became the last campaign in the Pacific and changed the course of history. In part of the island hopping campaign, the United States knew in order to invade mainland Japan, they would need the last piece of the puzzle. Okinawa was

The H Istory, Culture, And Geography Of Singapore

2813 words - 12 pages Singapore is a city-state main island that is in Southeastern Asia, located off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, north of Indonesia between latitudes 1º 09´N and 1º 29´N and longitudes 103º 36´E and 104º 25´E. The Malay Peninsula is about 85 miles (137 kilometers) north of the Equator and consists of the diamond-shaped island called Singapore. Singapore lies directly between the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean with the makeup of 63

The Uniqueness Of Monetary Policy In Singapore

1072 words - 5 pages growth rates and stock markets in 2008-2009. So, the crisis in the US spread very fast across the globe. Figure 1: Reaction to the global financial crisis (Sharma 2013, 4) Impact of the crisis on Singapore Large declines in economic parameters were seen in trade-oriented countries, like Singapore. The reason for that is its trade balance, which is one of the main sources for economic growth in Singapore. As an explanation, Department of