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The Battle Of The Atlantic Essay

2578 words - 11 pages


The Battle of the Atlantic was the most destructive, longest, and most complex naval battle of history, lasting throughout World War 2. It was a six year long battle that started on September 3rd, 1939 and ended on May 8th, 1945 and Canada played a very important role in this battle. This battle was a struggle between the Allied and the Axis, (with the Allied being countries including, Canada, Britain, Australia, etc, and the Axis being the alliance of Germany, Italy and Japan), for the control of the sea routes between America, Europe and Africa. This battle had been mainly triggered since Germany kept cutting off Britain’s supply. Britain had always relied on imports such as, oil, food, and other important industrial goods from other places to meet the needs of its growing population. Germany, (and later Italy), had saw this as an opportunity to use their naval forces and warships to try and cut off this vital supply to starve Britain. When the Germans started causing a lot of damage to these vital supply’s, Britain decided to act. They declared war on Germany, which meant that Canada would be pulled into the war. Although the Royal Canadian Navy wasn’t that powerful at the beginning of the war, by 1943 Canada’s Navy was making a very important contribution to the war effort, especially in the Battle of the Atlantic.
The Germans did great damage, and they sunk many of the British merchant ships, (see appendix 1) and if this battle had not been declared, Britain would have been in a very bad situation. Britain was once the world’s largest ship-building nations, and they could easily replace the ships that were sunk but, soon they were not able to keep up with the damage that the Germans made. When the war was been declared, Canada became been a major contribution to the battle. 1 In September of 1939, Canada’s navy included six ocean-going warships and 3600 personnel, (regular force and reserve). 2 The RCN was a great help, seven of the fifty First World Wars-era destroyers that the US had made available for Britain had been take over with assistance from the Royal Canadian Navy. Canada had grown to become the third-largest navy in the world after the US and Britain. 3 The Royal Canadian Navy and the Royal Canadian air force sank a total of 47 German submarines out of the 784 that were destroyed; they also sank 2 Italian submarines in the North Atlantic. Canada had also protected Britain during the war, four of the ‘River’ classed destroyers were sent by Canada to British waters. They helped protect the shores of the British Isles against attacks from enemy aircraft’s and submarines. As the war progressed the Canadian Navy had become stronger, but so had the enemy, Germany had started to create more powerful submarines, also known as U-boats.
The Germans had developed many tactics over the course of the war. The Germans had created very powerful submarines called u-boats; these u-boats had already...

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