“The Battle of the Somme, July-November 1916, was the largest military encounter in history to date, involving over 1.5 million men”, says Furtado, author for History Today (10). Out of this 1.5 million, around 75 to 83 percent died or were injured by the end of the Battle of the Somme. Furtado later remarks that “...troops from Canada, Newfoundland..., South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, West Indies, India, China, Senegal, North Africa, Madagascar, Somalia, Indochina, and others” were all at the Somme (11). The troops at the battle were diverse. Even though this was an international battle with many different ethnicities, it was not about each individual or county. The Battle of the Somme was between the British and French armies against the German armies. The Battle of the Somme foreshadowed the futility of fighting World War I and concluded with few strategic military achievements, many losses, and an inconclusive victory.
World War I was between the Central and Allied Powers. There were two huge alliances in Europe at that time. As stated by the editors of Encyclopædia Britannica, Germany, Austria- Hungary, and Italy made up the Triple Alliance (Abdullah et. al). The Triple Alliance is also known as the Central Powers. The editors of Encyclopædia Britannica, of a different article, remarked that Great Britain, France, and Russia made up the Triple Entente which is also referred to as the Allied Powers (Abdullah et. al). The war between these two powers commenced because of a build in tension from a string of events that occurred. The first of these events was when “...Galvrilo Princip (a Slav nationalist) assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of the Austria-Hungarian Empire” says BBC News (“Summary”). This caused tension in Europe because the same article by BBC News goes on to say that Austria-Hungary was furious and pinned the murder on the assassinator’s country, Serbia (“Summary”). Austria-Hungary was with the Central forces and Serbia was allied with Russia. This resulted in a domino effect of proclamations of war.
The leaders of Britain, France, and Germany contributed to the end result of the Somme. War of History mentions that Douglas Haig was the British commander in chief of the British Expeditionary Force, also known as BEF (Greenhalgh 2). His high status permitted him to direct the British armies at the Somme. Historic World Leaders talks about another important figure at the battle of the Somme, Ferdinand Foch, who “...commanded the French armies in the Somme offensive” and was later “...relieved of command” (“Ferdinand Foch” 1). Commander Foch was relieved most likely because of the conclusion of the Battle of Somme. The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia remarked that General Erich Ludendorff commanded Germany’s army at the Somme (“Somme” 1). The German attacks were directed by Ludendorff. These three commanders coordinated their armies and attacks at the Somme Offensive.
The cause of the conflict...