This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Battle Of The Somme In 1916

2480 words - 10 pages

“The Battle of the Somme, July-November 1916, was the largest military encounter in history to date, involving over 1.5 million men”, says Furtado, author for History Today (10). Out of this 1.5 million, around 75 to 83 percent died or were injured by the end of the Battle of the Somme. Furtado later remarks that “...troops from Canada, Newfoundland..., South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, West Indies, India, China, Senegal, North Africa, Madagascar, Somalia, Indochina, and others” were all at the Somme (11). The troops at the battle were diverse. Even though this was an international battle with many different ethnicities, it was not about each individual or county. The Battle of the Somme was between the British and French armies against the German armies. The Battle of the Somme foreshadowed the futility of fighting World War I and concluded with few strategic military achievements, many losses, and an inconclusive victory.
World War I was between the Central and Allied Powers. There were two huge alliances in Europe at that time. As stated by the editors of Encyclopædia Britannica, Germany, Austria- Hungary, and Italy made up the Triple Alliance (Abdullah et. al). The Triple Alliance is also known as the Central Powers. The editors of Encyclopædia Britannica, of a different article, remarked that Great Britain, France, and Russia made up the Triple Entente which is also referred to as the Allied Powers (Abdullah et. al). The war between these two powers commenced because of a build in tension from a string of events that occurred. The first of these events was when “...Galvrilo Princip (a Slav nationalist) assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of the Austria-Hungarian Empire” says BBC News (“Summary”). This caused tension in Europe because the same article by BBC News goes on to say that Austria-Hungary was furious and pinned the murder on the assassinator’s country, Serbia (“Summary”). Austria-Hungary was with the Central forces and Serbia was allied with Russia. This resulted in a domino effect of proclamations of war.
The leaders of Britain, France, and Germany contributed to the end result of the Somme. War of History mentions that Douglas Haig was the British commander in chief of the British Expeditionary Force, also known as BEF (Greenhalgh 2). His high status permitted him to direct the British armies at the Somme. Historic World Leaders talks about another important figure at the battle of the Somme, Ferdinand Foch, who “...commanded the French armies in the Somme offensive” and was later “...relieved of command” (“Ferdinand Foch” 1). Commander Foch was relieved most likely because of the conclusion of the Battle of Somme. The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia remarked that General Erich Ludendorff commanded Germany’s army at the Somme (“Somme” 1). The German attacks were directed by Ludendorff. These three commanders coordinated their armies and attacks at the Somme Offensive.
The cause of the conflict...

Find Another Essay On The Battle of the Somme in 1916

Battle of the Somme Essay

1148 words - 5 pages most trenches were filled with dead corpses for weeks after they were first killed. Defense mechanisms included creating dense fields of barbed wire in No Man’s Land, between the enemy trenches, in order to prevent an attack on the trench. Trench sanitation and defense were not the only reasons for the stalemate connected with World War One. The weather played “On the first day of the battle of the Somme, the brainchild of Field Marshal Haig

General Haig's Role in the Battle of the Somme

1516 words - 6 pages . The Anglo-French alliance intended to wear down the German army at Verdun before engaging in the Battle of Somme however, due to the large French losses at Verdun, the date for the Battle of Somme was brought forward to the 1st of July. The battle of the Somme lasted for just 4 months from July 1916 to November 1916 but was easily known as one of the worst battles ever fought. The Somme offensive was planned late in 1915 with the aim of

Evaluation of the Battle of the Somme

1941 words - 8 pages successful in it self and many recruits felt more at home joining up with their friends. In 1916, one of the biggest battles in the history of British Military history started. This battle was named The Battle of the Somme, named this because the region the battle took place was called the Somme. There were many reasons for basing the attack there.The most important reason was to relieve pressure of the French who were

Was the Battle of the Somme Justified?

2181 words - 9 pages One of the bloodiest battles known until today during World War 1 ,the battle of the Somme 7:30am 1st July it began. This battle took place in the year of 1916 were man faced each other on No Mans Land were trenches stretched 966kilometers from the Belgian coast through France until the frontiers of Switzerland. The soldiers on this battle faced bad weather, dirt, diseases and death. The British accepted the idea of this battle that originated

The Realism of the Film The Battle of The Somme

1904 words - 8 pages The Realism of the Film The Battle of The Somme The film 'The Battle of The Somme' was released in Londonon the 10th of August 1916, it was a famous documentary that was filmed by Geoffrey Malins and J.B. McDowell. They were one of the first groups of cameramen to film the British soldiers on the Battlefields of the Western Front. They helped the government to produce a video, to show people that War wasn't as bad as it

Why was the first day of the Battle of the Somme a failure?

1065 words - 4 pages The Battle of the Somme was planned by General Sir Douglas Haig. It was fought in an attempt to end the stalemate, and to relieve pressure on the French Army who were fighting at Verdun. The Germans had said they had intended to 'bleed France white' at Verdun. The battle was also fought to make a big push past the German trenches and into Germany. The battle began on 1 July 1916 and ended in November of the same year. The first day on the Somme

The Battle of the Somme as a Victory for the British

2168 words - 9 pages First Day of The Somme" was written by Richard Tames and was published in 1990. He obtained the information through The Imperial war Museum based in London which was established in 1917 just one year after the battle of the Sommehad started (1st July 1916). Its main function was to commemorate those people who had died during the 1st world war. The Book written by Richard Tames offers a lot of statistics and maps about the

Why the Battle of the Somme is Regarded as a Great Military Tragedy

1170 words - 5 pages Why the Battle of the Somme is Regarded as a Great Military Tragedy On 1st July 1916, General Haig prepared the battle plan for an offensive on German lines, designed to relieve the strain on French forces at Verdun and break through a strong line of German defences. While Haig would have preferred an attack further north, he was hopeful that the operation should be successful in drawing forces away from Verdun and

The Easter Rising of 1916

1574 words - 7 pages Irish citizens took upon themselves the responsibility of overthrowing the British Government in Ireland during the “Easter Rising of 1916”, which was the result of centuries of rights violations against the Irish by the British. Oppression of the Irish began in A.D. 1367 with the Statute of Kilkenny, which restricted the traditions of the Irish and placed them under the authority of the English in Ireland. (Hardiman) Oppression of the Irish

The Easter Rising of 1916

2314 words - 9 pages The Easter Rising of 1916 The Easter Rising of 1916 had profound and far-reaching effects on Ireland's subsequent history. It has been referred to as 'The Irish War for Independence' and was the pivotal event in ultimately securing independence for the Republic of Ireland. For centuries, Ireland had been under English rule, the English

In 1916, a poet by the name of Robert Frost

1973 words - 8 pages In 1916, a poet by the name of Robert Frost released a book of poems entitled, Mountain Interval. In this book was written, "The Road Not Taken", a poem that has been my favorite since I first read it in third grade. When I first read the poem I was captivated by the fact that it was a sort of adventurous poem. The speaker was a traveler and had come to a fork in the road and had chosen to take the least traveled road. To a third grader this was

Similar Essays

Battle Of The Somme Essay

1053 words - 5 pages The Battle of the Somme, or “humanity’s bloodiest battle”, took place between July 1st and November 18th, 1916 (Wikipedia). The German Empire was pitted against the French and British Empires, resulting in over 1,000,000 men wounded or killed, 60,000 of them being on the first day of the battle. This battle was one of the largest and bloodiest battles on World War I, making it consequential to the French, British, and German Empires. Although

Battle Of The Somme Essay

619 words - 2 pages This battle is known as the bloodiest battle because over 300,000 men died, with wounded and killed combined the casualties were over 1 million. This battle was fought between the British and German armies. Casualties on the first day were already the worst in the history of the British army. This battle took place from July 1st 1916 to November 18th 1919. There was no clear winner in this battle. Both armies were very badly hurt and neither of

The Battle Of Somme Essay

1932 words - 8 pages would help, but political masters in London and Paris supported the campaign. For many years The Battle of the Somme received much criticism for the way the battle was fought based on the number of casualties. Joseph Joffre, The French Commander in Chief, wrote a letter to Douglas Haig on December 15, 1915, stating a great battle would need to take place in order to save the French Army from the massive killing taking place in the Battle of

Battle Of The Somme Essay

860 words - 3 pages The second battle of 1916 was the Battle of the Somme. In this the British and French armies tried to break through the German defences in the valley of the river Somme. The battle started on the first day of July 1916 as huge guns bombarded the German trenches. Then thousands of troops charged across no-man's land to press home the attack.The trenches of the British ran for 20 miles from the village of Hebuterne south across the Ancre to the