The Beginning Causes Of The Russian Revolution Of 1917

578 words - 2 pages

The Russian Revolution of 1917 is a collective term for two so-called revolutions—one in February and one in October—that occurred in Russia in 1917, which dismantled the Tsarist autocratic regime and led to the creation of the Soviet Union and, ultimately, several decades of communist dominance. While the world “revolution” is often used to encompass events in both February and October in 1917, only the first actually merits the name. The February Revolution was a mass spontaneous event that overthrew the autocracy of Tsar Nicholas, while the events that occurred in October that led to the overthrow of the government set up in the aftermath of the February Revolution, were tightly controlled and executed in the style of a coup d’état. Although in many ways the revolution merely exchanged one authoritarian regime for another, the Russian Revolution is perhaps the most important event in the political history of the twentieth century because it led to the overthrow of the Romanov dynasty, the introduction of Marxist theory and communism to the world, and the growth of the Soviet Union into a world superpower.
For several decades leading up to the 1917 revolution, Russia was in a downward spiral, which contributed to a revolutionary atmosphere. As Russia grew with many nationalities, languages, and religions, governing the vast empire was difficult, mainly because of poor communication. There were many factors that worked in favor of the forces of revolt. One of the most important of these factors was the continuous strain of unsuccessful warfare Russia was engaged in, including their earlier involvement in the Russo-Japanese war, where they faced a humiliating defeat, and World War I, which lost the government the support of the army as millions died and were replenished by more hastily trained...

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