In the United States of America, the presidential election takes place every four years, on the first Tuesday of November . Most people believe they are directly voting for the presidential candidate, and the person with the most popular votes will win the election. However, instead of voting for the presidential candidate, people are voting for the electors, individuals who vote in the Electoral College. Moreover, the total electoral vote, not the popular vote, actually determines the winner of the United States presidential election. The election of the year 2000 is a perfect example of the Electoral College. President George W. Bush won the presidential election of the year 2000 with more electoral votes, not popular votes. Before the presidential election of year 2000, most people pay no or little attention to the electoral votes, because most people do not understand the concept of the Electoral College, or even did not know there the different between popular votes and Electoral College.
Before continue to discuss about the Electoral College, we must first understand the history of Electoral College and the concept of how does it work. The Electoral College system was established in Article II, section I, of the U.S. Constitution.
The Electoral College was established by the founding fathers as a compromise between election of the president by Congress and election by popular vote. The electors  are a popularly elected body chosen by the States and the District of Columbia on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November. The Electoral College is a group of electors chosen by politicians and their party members within the state. On the Election Day, if the party wins the popular votes, those electors of the party will represent the state to vote for the presidential candidate. The votes made by the electors are the electoral votes, and those are the votes to determine the result of the presidential election. The intention of the Electoral College was to find the most efficient method to represent the majority of the population, because United States is a republic form of government. To better understand the Electoral College, let us agree on a few definitions. Democracy is defined as the people create a form of government, either directly or through elected representatives, majority rule. A republic is similar to a democracy, but instead of a governing body of elected representatives, there is a president appointed as the titular head. With both government types combined, and with the governing body broken into three separate parts, assurance is made that no one person can take over the entire governing body.
Therefore, instead of each state have the same number of electors, the number of senators, plus the number of House of Representatives, which...