The Advantages and Disadvantages of Immigration to the USA
‘‘Remember, remember always, that all of us… are descended from immigrants and
revolutionist’’ by Franklin D. Roosevelt.
The United States is a nation of immigrants and the earliest people were the
Native Americans who came from Asia. The rest of the people left Europe, Asia, Africa,
the Caribbean, South and Central America, the islands of the Pacific, and the Middle East
coming more towards the 18th century. The United States has witnessed the
transformation from an American Indian population to a rich array of ethnicities and
races. Due to high migration, the minority population is comprised of nearly as many
Hispanics as Blacks, a surging number of Asians, and a small but growing American
Indian population. America’s ethnic landscape also includes a rapid growing Arab
population, a sizeable Jewish population and other ethic groups: African Americans,
American Indians, Alaska Natives, Asians, Pacific Islanders and Hispanics.
The reason for immigration to the United States in the period from the 18th
century is quite clear. Land remained plentiful, and fairly cheap. Jobs were abundant;
labor was scarce and relatively dear. A decline in the birthrate, as well as increases in
industry and urbanization, reinforced this situation. The United States, in the 19th century,
remained a strong magnet to immigrants, with offers of jobs and land for farms. Glowing
reports from earlier arrivals who found success reinforced the nation that in America, the
streets were ‘‘paved with gold’’, and there existed religious and political freedom.
America was hyped up in many countries as ‘‘land of opportunity.’’ (www.bergen.org)
The nation’s changing demographic profile had important and social implications.
Immigration is still transforming the U.S. Asian and Hispanic populations. Hispanics
from Guatemala, El Salvador, Ecuador and other Central and South American countries
have created communities alongside well- established Mexican, Puerto Rican, and Cuban
communities. The Asian population was predominately Japanese, Filipino and Chinese
just two decades ago but at the century’s end, Asian Americans with roots in India,
Vietnam, or Korea outnumbers Japanese American.
Each year, ‘‘70,000 foreigners arrive in the United States.’’ (Martin, Philip.
Immigration to the U.S.) these include business travelers, tourist, and foreign workers.
Each Year, approximately ‘2,200 arrivals are immigrations or refugees who have been
invited to become permanent residents of the U.S. Also, there are about 5,000 foreigners
who make unauthorized entries. Almost one million foreigners come to the U.S. each
year, which is about 30% of the population growth. This immigrant population is
profoundly changing the racial and ethic make up of schools, workplaces and
There are the advantages and disadvantages to this immigration. There is no right
or wrong to immigration....