This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Benefits And Ethics Of Human Cloning

1522 words - 6 pages

The Benefits and Ethics of Human Cloning

On February 24, 1997, the whole world was shocked by the news that Scottish scientists had successfully cloned a sheep. Dolly an artificially cloned mammal was born a star. After the shock, that cloning was not only a possibility but a reality, wore off the out cry against human cloning began. Physicians, scientists, politicians and church leaders and many more have been trying to ban the cloning of humans ever since. Is cloning something to be afraid of? I do not believe it is. I believe that cloning will become a tool of science that will, in time, bring many benefits to humankind.

What is Cloning?
The Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia describes a clone as "an organism by an asexual (nonsexual) reproductive process"(clone 1). This definition means that we already have many clones on the earth today. The Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia also states that "the organisms known as prokaryotes (the bacteria and cyanobacteria), a number of other simple organisms, such as most protozoan, many other algae, and some yeast’s, also reproduce primarily by cloning, as do certain higher organisms like the dandelion or aspen tree"(clone 1). The Biology Textbook Concepts and Connections describes a clone as "a single organism that is genetically identical to another"(G-5). With this definition we can come to the conclusion that identical twins are also clones. Cloning then is not a new idea but one that has been around since the beginning of time.

How it is Done
Embryo Splitting or Blastomere Separation
Embryo splitting as Gregory Pence, a medical ethicist, writes is when "an embryo that has already been formed by sexual reproduction is split into two identical halves"(Flesh My Flesh: intro). The National Bioethics Advisory Committee calls this process blasotmere separation and explains that "each cell, called a blastomere, is able to produce a new individual organism"(15). See Appendix A figure one. Pence also writes that embryo splitting is "a process that has been used for years to help infertile couples who could not produce enough embryos, it [is] neither a breakthrough nor startling"(Flesh My Flesh: x).

Nuclear Somatic Transfer or Nuclear Transplantation Cloning
In nuclear somatic transfer a nucleus is taken from the cell of an already existing person and placed into a fertilized egg which has had its nucleus removed. The egg cell is then stimulated to divide and grow. Thereby producing a clone or twin of the person whose DNA was used. This is the manner in which Dolly was created (Who’s Afraid Cloning 11).

Clones Are Not Always Completely Identical
In Embryo Splitting the clones would be identical twins. However, in Nuclear Somatic Transfer, where most of the controversy lies, a clone will not necessarily be an identical twin. The reasons for this lie in the host egg. Although the nucleus is removed, and therefore the majority of the DNA, it is impossible to remove...

Find Another Essay On The Benefits and Ethics of Human Cloning

The Ethics of Human Cloning Essay

1813 words - 7 pages widespread, and clones would have to reproduce.” If cloning became widespread the genetic diversity within the human population would decrease. Over time, the benefits of talents and other traits of individual human beings would be lost and the population would become very similar. Imagine a person with a very unique talent that he or she is very good at and possibly makes money doing. Now imagine multiple other people with that same talent. What

The Ethics of Human Cloning Essay

2006 words - 8 pages The Ethics of Human Cloning Imagine the world as only beautiful people. Everywhere you look is a Cindy Crawford look-a-like: 5’9”, brown hair, brown eyes, and the perfect smile. A “Master Race.” Do we really want to reenact Adolf Hitler’s plan of seeking world domination killing million upon millions as a “final solution?” Instead of killing, we’d be reproducing millions, going against nature. Say we went and got one of Princess Diana’s

Benefits of Human Cloning

1494 words - 6 pages of human cloning still overweigh the benefits; therefore, it is necessary to have an international and national organisation to monitor the development of this technology. Human cloning especially therapeutic cloning is the solution for health problems. It can be used to clone stem cells to cure diabetes patients, help discovering new medicines, and supply organs and tissues to transplant. Scientists use patient’s skin cells to produce new stem

Benefits of Human Cloning

3194 words - 13 pages ). In summary, I view the future possibilities of the cloning revolution as being limitless. With the advancement of any type of new scientific technology, we, as human beings, are going to be skeptical. Therefore, I strongly support the pros of the cloning debate who suggest that we should stop focusing on our hypothetical fears, and think about the tremendous scientific benefits that cloning could bring mankind. In summary, as I have outlined

Human Cloning: the Risks Outweigh the Benefits

2978 words - 12 pages for their own benefits, and that in itself goes against the force of nature. Our society will become unordered.Some scientists hope that they will create many famous persons who died long time ago such as Michael Jordan and Ronald Reagan. However, they do not know that they cannot be copied or reproduced consciousness, a unique human quality. Dr Patrick Dixon, expert on ethics of human cloning, say:It is defined by specific historical, socio

The Benefits of Cloning

1015 words - 5 pages and delicious meat. Opposite to the futuristic depictions of science-fiction movies like “The Island” (2005), “Jurassic Park” and Woody Allen’s “The Sleepers”, cloning will absolutely serve to the benefits of human kind. Works Cited Singh, Debashis, ed. Formats:. National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 28 Feb. 2004. Web. 17 Mar. 2014. Prentice, David A. Stem Cells and

The Benefits of Cloning

1611 words - 6 pages The Advantages of Cloning The first successfully cloned mammal was created on February of 1997. It was a breakthrough in scientific research when the Scottish scientists cloned a sheep by the name of Dolly. The method of cloning requires the extraction of DNA from anywhere on a subject's body and inserting that DNA into a woman's egg. Worldwide attention was turned to the prospect of human cloning and with a push for sweeping prohibition

The Ethics of Cloning

1717 words - 7 pages Sheet, 2009). This form of cloning is the most widely accepted form since it does not cross into the realm of human cloning which is one of the largest debates that exists. One of the things that DNA cloning can accomplish is curing genetic malfunctions, by placing a cloned copy of the correct gene into the body via a virus that will replicate in the body and there for take the place of the faulty genes. However, the most important aspect of

The Ethics of Cloning

1906 words - 8 pages The Ethics of Cloning On February 27, 1997, it was reported that scientists produced the first clone of an adult sheep, attracting international attention and raising questions on the morality of cloning. Within days, the public had called for ethics inquires and new laws banning cloning. Issues are now raised over the potentially destructive side of this scientific frontier. Many people are morally opposed to the possible consequences of

The Ethics of Cloning

848 words - 4 pages The technology of today’s world is astounding. We have learned how to battle diseases that were once thought to lead to a certain death, we have invented incredible technologies that allow us to communicate with people across the world instantly, and maybe most impressively of all, we are able to create human life. We now hold in our hands the technologies that allow a person, their entire genetic makeup, to be recreated through cloning. In an

The Pros and Cons of Human Cloning

835 words - 3 pages "To clone or not to clone?" that is the question troubling the mind's of many Americans and citizens all over the world. Imagine how life would become when millions of people start looking alike, acting alike, and thinking alike. There would be no diversity what so ever in today's society. Ban human cloning!, Jean Bethke Elshtain author of "To Clone or Not to Clone", displays a strong argument as to why human cloning should be banned

Similar Essays

The Benefits Of Human Cloning Essay

1129 words - 5 pages The Benefits of Human Cloning In recent years, many new breakthroughs in the areas of science and technology have been discovered. A lot of these discoveries have been beneficial to scientific community and to the people of the world. One of the newest breakthroughs is the ability to clone. Ever since Ian Wilmut and his co-workers completed the successful cloning of an adult sheep named Dolly, there has been an

The Ethics Of Human Cloning Essay

1307 words - 5 pages . Dispute the medical benefits proposed by cloning, many people still stand on the counter stand of this issue arguing the ethics of human cloning. The future of the legalization of human cloning remains very controversial; however, the politicians should separate the two categories of human cloning when considering passing regulations. Therapeutic cloning is a very useful tool in helping the scientists and doctors to find cure for genetic and

The Ethics Of Human Cloning Essay

1191 words - 5 pages pain and suffering sometimes that we can hardly endure. Works Cited Birch, Charles, and Paul Abrecht, ed. Genetics and the quality of life. Australia: Pergamon Press, 2011. Print. Cullis, Christopher A. "Entering The Clone zone." World & I 12.10 (1997): 145. Academic Search Premium. Web. 2 Nov. 2013. Dudley, William, ed. The Ethics of human cloning. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven Press, Inc, 2001. Print. The Human Cloning Foundation. The Benefits

The Ethics Of Human Cloning Essay 1340 Words

1340 words - 5 pages The Ethics of Human Cloning In order to make a fully justified decision on whether human cloning is ethical or not, one must be exposed to the background of the subject. To start, a clone is an exact replica of an organism, cell, or gene. The process itself is done asexually with the use of a cell from the original human. It is then placed inside a female capable of bearing a child and is then born as a clone. Along