This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Berlin Wall Essay

1725 words - 7 pages

1945; World War II had ended. People all over the world celebrated, even the citizens in Berlin, Germany. Little did the Berliners know that their war was not over? Another war had started, a Cold War, from 1945 to 1989, tearing Berlin families and friends apart. A wall had been built up; they couldn’t travel where they wanted anymore and couldn’t speak their opinions. These were the rights taken away from East and West Berliners.
It all started when World War II ended. Hitler killed himself and the Nazis surrendered, but Germany couldn’t celebrate the end of the war yet. On May 8, 1945, peace conferences were held in Yalta and Potsdam. Countries agreed to split the defeated nation of ...view middle of the document...

About 1000 miles (1600 km) of boundaries of barbed wire fences and even some walls, many called “The Iron Curtain”, divided Europe in two. The East started to act on their feelings. They wanted to get West Berlin to surrender to them. Since the West lived in Soviet territory, supplies were brought in by automobile. So in June 24, 1948, a Soviet blockade was created to prevent supplies from getting to West Berlin. Tanks were lined outside the West boundary. They thought they could starve the Allies into surrendering, but the West had a trick up their sleeve too, thus the beginning of the “Berlin Airlift”. If the road for delivering supplies was blocked, then the supplies would be delivered by air. Starting on June 25, 1948, to September 30, 1949, pilots dropped off goods to the Allies for many years. In one instance, there was a pilot who dropped off candy in little parachutes to the children of West Berlin. But once the USSR figured out what the Allies had done, Josef Stalin, the Soviet leader at the time, wanted to shoot the planes down; he realized if he did, the citizens in the Soviet Union would think of him as an evil man and revolt, so he thought better of it. He still kept the tanks up, though, until May 12, 1949.
1958 was the time when the division became even colder. The Soviet Union had made threats to the Allies, but they resisted. The USSR was having mixed feelings that year. It had pride over building Sputnik, but since the blockade, over 3 million immigrants had left, and in those immigrants, many intelligent scholars and scientists in which the Soviet Union had wanted left too. So, there was a big loss in skills, and it was ever decreasing because in June, 1961, 19000 refugees had left the Soviet Union to join the West; in July, 30000. But in August, things changed. On August 1- 11, 16000 refugees came from East Berlin to West Berlin, and then on August 12, 2400 followed, the most amount of refugees ever to leave from the East to the West in one day. Premier Khrushchev allowed the German government to stop the immigrants from leaving, so they did. The German government had also started building a concrete wall in Berlin, which would eventually be called “The Berlin Wall”, and it would be hated by many of the citizens in Berlin. So, why was the Wall hated so much?
When the wall was built, the West and East were divided and they couldn’t see each other at all; in fact, it would be like this from when the wall was built to November 9, 1989. The only way to cross each side was to go through Helmstedt (a.k.a. Checkpoint Alpha), Dreilinden (Checkpoint Bravo), and Freidrichstrasse (Checkpoint Charlie), in which later there were nine more places to go through. Travelers were rarely allowed to go to the other side, and if they were, the East German soldiers had to screen them. The travelers weren’t just regular people either; they were usually diplomats and officials, so it was very rare for the common citizen to cross over to the East...

Find Another Essay On The Berlin Wall

The Berlin Wall Essay

666 words - 3 pages The Berlin Wall I think we've all wondered sometime, when the whole caboodle started with the Berlin wall. What exactly happened? Why did the wall go up and then"¦ why did it come down? This whole German stuff started when in 1949 the U.S., Britain, France and Russiz decided to divide the Germany land into 4 sectors. Each sector was under control of a different country. The U.S., Britian and France joined sections

The Fall of the Berlin Wall

1303 words - 5 pages Between 1961 and 1989, the Berlin Wall was known as a barrier between west Berlin and east Germany. The Berlin Wall was symbolic for the division between democracy and communism during the Cold War. Thus, the Berlin Wall served as a barrier for twenty eight years keeping east Germans from fleeing to the west. At the end of the World War II, Allied powers divided and conquered Germany into four different areas. Each area was occupied by

The Fall of The Berlin Wall

1781 words - 8 pages Democracy was built up as the wall was torn down. The Berlin Wall was built overnight and stood at twelve feet tall and ninety-six miles long. The massive structure is what separated East and West Germany. The wall separated friends and family as well as being a barrier between freedom and oppression. West Germany was a democracy and was essentially a free world, while on the other side of the wall East Germany was a strict, miserable, and

The Berlin Wall and The Holocaust

1559 words - 7 pages The holocaust was a time of destruction or slaughter on a mass scale caused by fire or nuclear war. During the holocaust millions of Jews were killed by the Nazis during WWII. The Berlin Wall was a time in which a barrier was constructed in 1961 to separate East Berlin from west Berlin. I believe that the holocaust and the Berlin Wall made great impacts to many and had many alikes. They both had similar situations and in both the Germans were

The Dismantling of the Berlin Wall

1325 words - 6 pages 1989 was a very important year for Europe and the world. Leading up to this time, many countries were involved in the Cold War, a time of military and political tension between western and eastern powers. People were glum, economies were weak, and political competition was at its peak. But this was the year the Berlin Wall was opened; this year ultimately led to the ending of the Cold War (Erlanger). On November 9, 1989, the Berlin Wall was

The Creation of the Berlin Wall

1618 words - 6 pages The Creation of the Berlin Wall The end of World War II triggered the start of the Cold War. The victors of WWII, The United States, Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union divided Germany and Berlin into four. The United States, Great Britain, and France were all capitalist and democratic, and the Soviet Union was communist. The United States, Great Britain, and France all were part of the same “team.” The Soviet Union, however

Berlin wall book review on the

819 words - 3 pages The Berlin Wall: Book Review In August 1961, Berlin, Germany was seperated by a border of barbed wire. People of East Berlin could no longer enter West Berlin. The Berlin Wall tells about this event and what led to this event. Norman Gelb, the author, tells of the actions of the communistic East Berlin and the democratic West Berlin. The book begins by explaining how the wall was put up. East Berlin put it up because of the

The Berlin Wall - History - Research Paper

633 words - 3 pages The Berlin Wall, formally known as Antifaschistischer Schutzwalln, In August 13th, 1961, the Communist government of the German Republic of East Germany began construction of the wall and placed a barbed wire between West Berlin and the East. The purpose of the wall was to stop Western Fascists from entering the social state of East Germany and stopping defections from East Germany to West Germany. The wall was existing until November 19th

Social Effects of the Berlin Wall

1018 words - 4 pages Outline THESIS: From research and historical analysts, we can conclude that in many cases the people of Germany have been effected socially and economically by the building and construction of the Berlin Wall.      I. Background       A. Beginning construction       B. Closing borders       C. Pre-Berlin Wall      II

The Berlin Wall: A Catalyst for Change

1699 words - 7 pages years wore by the wall became a hated symbol of communist persecution. The drastic reforms of perestroika instituted by Mikhail Gorbachev set the fuse for the collapse of the Berlin Wall. Perestroika was an effort to restructure the government of the Soviet Union. He wanted the Soviet economy to be governed from the ground up, by the interests, and demands of the people rather than from the top down, by the interests of the ruling class. A

Political, Social and Military Implications of the Berlin Wall

1789 words - 8 pages In August of 1961, a barrier was created dividing Germany into two countries: East Germany and West Germany. For the next 28 years this barrier would come to be known as the Berlin Wall, and for that time period it separated families, friends and most importantly freedom. During this time period, political agreements and meetings occurred, social riots and protests took place and military checkpoints were created all in an effort to bring back

Similar Essays

The Berlin Wall Essay

952 words - 4 pages On the 13th of August 1961, the communist East German government began construction of the Berlin Wall, which separated West Berlin from East Berlin and the rest of East Germany, as a response to immense numbers of East German citizens fleeing into West Berlin. The East German government called the Wall the "anti-fascist protection wall". The tensions between east and west were aggravated by a tank standoff at Checkpoint Charlie on 27 October

The Berlin Wall Essay

688 words - 3 pages The Berlin Wall was a tangible symbol of the suppression of human rights by the bloc of Eastern Germany during the Cold War. The people of Berlin Germany were divided by a wall because of issues between the free world and the communist world. In 1945 Germany divided Berlin into four zones. The Soviet Union, United States, Britain, and France all had a zone. From 1945 until 1961 Germans were free to go from East to West Berlin. On August 13

The Berlin Wall Essay

1524 words - 6 pages with the ideals of the Western countries for the German sectors. This put a political barrier around Russia’s sector of Germany and specifically in Berlin that would pave the way for separation among the sectors. Berlin became a battleground for power and the effects of this inevitable separation would sever Germany for decades to come. This paper will cover why the Berlin Wall was built, events leading to its destruction, and its significance

The Berlin Wall Essay

795 words - 3 pages The Berlin Crisis reached its height in the fall of 1961. Between August and October of that year, the world watched as the United States and the Soviet Union faced off across a new Cold War barrier, the Berlin Wall. In some ways, the Wall was Khrushchev’s response to Kennedy’s conventional buildup at the end of July, and there were some in the West who saw it that way. However, as Hope Harrison has clearly shown, Khrushchev was not the dominant