The Bi Polar World Order Essay

2134 words - 9 pages

Under the ruins of the World War II (WWII), a new world order was beginning to appear. The old and weak European powers, were devastated from the war, and could no longer hold the world on its shoulders. Subsequently, new superpowers had to take over the control; they were the USSR and the USA. Soon after the end of WWII, new international tensions became apparent after the break of the Grand Alliance (Taylor, 1993, p. 49). The disagreements between the new superpowers grew to a point where the Cold War became a fact. That new world order split the world ideologically into two camps; the anti-imperialist(USA) and the anti-capitalist(USSR)(Ibid, p.51).The ideological war was underlined by a geopolitical transition, subsequently creating the bi-polar world of the Cold War(Ibid). Although, thought to be the most stable of geopolitical world orders, the Cold War had given away to “a variety of international relations within the single pattern”, over its course (Ibid). Therefore, questioning whether the geopolitics of the Cold War had been adequately captured in the term “The bi-polar world order”. With the “relative decline” of the super powers in the end 1960s, disruptions within the single pattern started to materialize (Ibid, p.55). The beginning of the Détente was marked with the Third World’s gradual building of political significance, but not only. In addition to that, other states like China, Japan, and from the European Community, started emerging under the blanket of the world’s duopoly. Furthermore, popular concerns on a global scale unified the masses, and further questioned the bipolarity of Cold War rhetoric.
The period of thaw in the Cold War, opened the door for the Third World to claim its political significance, thus disrupting the geopolitical post-WWII world order. The term “Third World”, originally, was a product from the French political discourse in the 1940s, to refer to a possible Third Way (Agnew, 1998, p.112). With the start of the Cold War, however, the concept was developed and incorporated within its rhetoric (Dodds, 2000, p.61). For Agnew, the term began to be referred to the newly formed states, product from the ongoing “wind of change”(Taylor, 1993, p.55), and other states that were outside the settled spheres of influence of the ‘superpowers’”(Agnew, 1998, p.112). However, in the Cold War rhetoric the Third World still referred, in certain a certain sense, to another way – the Third Way. According to Agnew, those states signified the resistance to the dominating political and economic discourse of the Cold War (Ibid, p.113). Those resistances led to the creation of the Non-Alignment Movement (NAM), in 1961. It included, member states, such as Egypt, India and Yugoslavia. The idea of the movement, according to Dodds(2000, pp.57-8), was to resist the geopolitical pressures of the Cold War, and to establish a forum where common problems could be discussed, without any interference from the superpowers. As it appeared...

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