The Big Picture: Policy Design Analysis
Developing a policy is something that takes concession, adjustments and renovation throughout the process. Policy makers must keep this in mind when trying to address a need in society and how they can address such need through regulatory policy making. Policy makers must keep in mind what additional problems may come into play when designing this policy, what is too strict of a punishment for not abiding by this policy and who will the policy directly affect and how to address their problems individually. As a policy maker they must address the issue looking at the big picture then narrow down the small issues that must be resolved throughout. This is not a onetime shot kind of things policy must be constantly renovated to create the most operative policy that can be made. Which is why policy design is such a pressing topic in the policy makers today.
In regulative policy, it lays out the provisions for the regulators or policy makers and the regulated or constituency. This discourse explains the rules, obligations, problems and solutions that both actors are responsible to enforce and enact. First, the policy makers must decide what should be regulated in the policy and what should not. Throughout this process there can also be provisions made to better the policy along the way. During this process they must discuss the outcome of what this policy will bring. In addition, address issues and find solutions to the problems that may occur. Furthermore, the policy maker must decide on how strict the guidelines must be followed by the entity. Lastly, they encounter the question of how detailed the policy should be for what it is trying to enforce? The ultimate goal is to alter a behavior in an entity to create the outcome that is desired for progress. In addition, policy makers must keep in mind interest groups and how their communication will affect the policy design. For example, the interest group may want to influence the policy designers in a way to create a better opportunity for their entity causing them to change the details of the policy. “It is important to remember that these hypothesized relationships operate in concert to produce different regulatory outcomes” (Koski 8).
Many other people besides policy makers play a role in the design of a policy. They also are trying to affect the stringency of the policy as well as the overall outcome. The main things policy makers are dealing with when designing is scope, interest groups, renovation and stringency of the policy. This is where the policy makers use policy tools to determine how to influence the people to get their targeted outcome. For example, using incarceration as a tool to stop repeat offenders and use as punishment for breaking policy. Incarceration is a policy tool that helps to produce the desired behavior they are looking for. Throughout time the policy tools may fluctuate and become more harsh or less over the years....