The Big Three And Their Decisions In World War Ii

1711 words - 7 pages

Soon, the Crimean Peninsula of the Ukraine is scheduled to secede from the nation and join Russia, which has sparked several debates within the Ukraine, Russia and the United States. Many other countries, including Great Britain, have warned Russia to pull its forces back out of the Ukraine. The irony however is not lost, because almost seventy years ago, the Crimean Peninsula was home to one the greatest negotiations in history. The Big Three were all present, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt of the United States, Joseph Stalin, Premier of the Soviet Union, and Prime Minister Winston Churchill from Great Britain. Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill met at the Teheran and Yalta Conferences to decide the coordination of attacks on Germany and Japan, the post war territorial boundaries, the division of Germany and whether or not the nation should pay reparations, and the creation of the United Nations. Afterwards, the conferences were debated as either positive or negative because of their consequences, and whether or not some agreed with what was decided and others didn’t.
The first time Roosevelt, Stalin and Churchill met was on the 28th of November in Teheran, the capital of Iran, where current problems during the war and postwar politics were discussed (Naden and Blue 187-188). The Teheran Conference lasted until December 1st, and during that time the Big Three covered four main issues. The most pressing of which was planning an attack on Hitler’s forces, coming from both the east and the west. Eventually, Roosevelt and Churchill planned Operation Overlord, or D-Day, which took place on June 6th 1944. Two weeks later, Stalin helped the war effort by contributing an attack on Hitler’s eastern army in Belorussia. The second problem debated was whether or not the Soviet Union would declare war on Japan in order tip the balance of the Pacific War in favor of the Allied side (Teheran Conference 2505-2506). Unfortunately, Stalin had other reasons to want to go to war with the Japanese. During the Russo-Japanese war, Japan took territory that used to belong to the USSR. Stalin saw this recent war as a way to get the old land back from the Japanese (Russo-Japanese War 170). But Roosevelt knew that the nuclear testing in the United States was still months away from producing anything viable, and he wasn’t sure of Allied victory in the Pacific war, so they needed the Soviet assistance (Teheran Conference 2506). The third thing Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin discussed was the postwar territorial boundaries of the Soviet Union, Poland and Germany. Stalin wanted reparations to be paid to the Soviets from the Finnish, repaying the physical damage the USSR sustained during the Soviet-Finnish war of 1939-1940. He also wanted Finland as Soviet territory, though when Stalin discussed the matter with the other two Allied leaders, he agreed to let the Finns be independent during the Soviet occupation (Teheran Conference 2505). The Soviet Union’s western...

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