Bill of Rights
We live in the 21st century, where most Americans mind their own business but take for granted our God given rights. Not only God given rights but also those established by our founding forefathers. This paper will illustrate and depict the importance of the original problems faced when adopting the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. It will discuss the importance of the first amendment, the due process of the 4th, 5th, 6th, and the 8th amendments. Last but not least the importance of what is known as the “second Bill of Rights” (14th amendment).
What problems with the original document motivated the adoption of the Bill of Rights?
Many felt the Constitution was strongly focused on the power and authority the central government would have over the states and the people. Such supporter was Thomas Jefferson, who said, “bill of rights is what the people are entitled to against every government on the earth, general or particular, and what no just government should refuse.” Thomas Jefferson December 20, 1787 (American Civil Liberties Union [ACLU], 2002). The Constitution was set up with a system of checks and balances between the three branches of government. For its time it was remarkable but was flawed in expressing what it could do, but nowhere did it say what it could not. This was the great argument by the Anti-Federalist.
Second, the Anti-Federalist would only support the Constitution if Congress was to include the proposed Bill of Rights. This would ensure the unalienable rights would be protected. Federalist No.84 says. “In the course of the foregoing review of the Constitution, I have taken notice of, and endeavored to answer most of the objections which have appeared against it. There, however, remain a few which either did not fall naturally under any particular head or were forgotten in their proper places” (Hamilton, n.d.). Thus Congress included the Bill of Rights and Federalist and Anti-Federalist came to a compromise and the Constitution came to be.
Give one example of each of the five rights in the First Amendment.
Freedom of religion: A great example of freedom of religion is that fact that central government or the state that someone might live in, cannot impose a said religion or prosecute for worshiping the religion of choice of an individual.
Freedom of speech: The freedom to speak freely and without censorship and limitation. A great example of this would be a talk radio, where people call in to voice opinion on real time political controversy.
Right to assembly: The right to form groups, to organize and to assemble together to address issues of a common goal. The ability to organize is an important means by which citizens can influence their governments and leaders (“Freedom of assembly and association“, N.D.).
Right to petition: The right to present request to the government without punishment or reprisal. A great example is picketing and peaceful protest. Keep in mind a violent protest...