The Bill of Rights and Protection of Civil Liberties
When the English came to America to escape religious persecution,
things commenced at a shaky start. For example, Puritans fled from England
because of religious persecution. They were being physically beaten because
of their religious beliefs therefore they attempted to create a Utopia or
"City upon a hill" in the New World. There "City upon a hill" began with a
government based on religious beliefs. It developed into a government
which condemned those who did not believe in the Puritan beliefs. For
example, one had to believe in the Puritan religion and attend church to
vote and become a member of the Puritan society. This practice further
developed into a situation in which you were beaten or killed if you did
not believe in the Puritan religion and remained in Puritan "Utopia" -- the
exact situation which they had fled from England. Later, it would take the
gathering of American thinkers to deduce what liberties were guaranteed and
which were not, to avoid mistakes made by puritans and others in history.
The Forefathers of the United States conjured up the Bill of Rights which
illustrated which rights were endowed to the people of the United States.
They adopted the Bill of rights, which was drafted for political
motivations, and it evolved into a document which shelters American
people's civil liberties.
When the Bill of Rights was adopted, political motivations superceded
libertarian views. James Madison claimed that this "nauseous project of
amendments" would "kill the opposition[for the ratification of the
constitution] everywhere..." In the beginning, the Bill of Rights was
first drafted up to appease the Anti-Federalists and coax them into
ratifying the constitution. For without the Bill of Rights the constitution
may have never been ratified. After its ratification, the Bill of Rights
evolved into more realistic terms. The Federalists began to notice the
importance of the Bill of Rights as much as the AntiÄ Federalists had.
During the next few years the Bill of Rights began to be accepted by the
American people as the essence towards freedom. As it was noticed more and
more over the years, the Bill of Rights became the basis for individual
rights. It entitled the American people to rights which they had not
experienced before such as the freedom of press and speech.
In Tennessee's "Monkey Trial" of 1925, John Scope, a science teacher,
was convicted for teaching evolution. Only 43 years later would that state