This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Biochip And Advancements In Medical Treatment

824 words - 3 pages

The Biochip and Advancements in Medical Treatment


Advances in microchips occur daily, but a recent advance in the area can only be called revolutionary. No, these are not a more advanced breed of thin silicon wafers, better known as computer chips. They are called biochips.

A blending of silicon technology with biology has produced a groundbreaking new technology. It can be used to tell how actively a gene works, whether it carries any mutations, and even aid in the human genome project, a long term project to map the entire human genome. The biochip is a square of glass about the area of a dime. It is carpeted with DNA probes. The probes are oligonucleotides, strands of DNA six to nine bases long. A long strand of DNA of an unknown sequence is to be tested to determine its sequence. First, it is fragmented and then washed over the chip. The fragments only attach to their complementary oligonucleotides on the chip. This is because bases only pair with complementary bases. Adenine bonds with thymine, and cytosine bonds with guanine. The next step is to analyze the reactions between the bases and determine the sequence of base pairs. This will give a clear picture of the formerly unknown DNA. The biochip uses fluorescent tags to determine where unknown fragments attach to their complementary strands on the chip. A microscope attached to a computer "reads" the patterns of fluorescence and gives the sequences of the unknown strand.

Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, consists of various sequences of four organic compounds called bases, and some proteins. Abbreviated, the initials of the bases are A, C, G, and T. The building blocks of all life, they encode thousands of genes. These genes in turn are responsible for directing the construction of proteins which make up cells and control biological processes. The human genome project is a cooperative international effort to "map", or determine the sequence of all the human genes and specify the traits that they control. The mapping and determining the traits part is proceeding much more rapidly than the process of finding the entire sequence of individual letters. The biochip will make it...

Find Another Essay On The Biochip and Advancements in Medical Treatment

How Advancements in Cartography and Western Technologies Expanded the World

1071 words - 5 pages these new found advancements and a port for trading was established at Elmina in West Africa. Valiant journeys, important land discoveries, and improving of cartograpghy technologies during the Age of Exploration shaped the modern era. Advancing technologies, such as the compass, which aided in the sailor’s journey along to reach their destination, were highly sought after during this time period. The harsh journeys these men made

Advancements in technology: The MRI Essay

1140 words - 5 pages There’s a four-year-old boy with medical issues not seen before by his local doctors. He’s sent to the big city hospital to undergo an MRI scan. It is found out that through this scan, he has a brain tumor, and if not removed, it will cut off the oxygen supply to his brain. This is why the MRI scan has become such a well known procedure. The MRI is one of the best advancements to aid in brain research and improve patient diagnosis. What most

Bilayer Tablet Technology in Medical Treatment

2009 words - 9 pages An acute or chronic illness for decades is being clinically treated through delivery of drugs in patients in the form of some pharmaceutical dosage forms like tablets, capsules, liquids, creams, pills, aerosols, injectable and suppositories. An ideal drug delivery system is such that it provides the required drug amount with in a short duration and also should maintain the steady level of drug concentration throughout the dosing period [1

Parkinson’s Disease and Medical Treatment Options

1549 words - 6 pages Parkinson’s Disease and Medical Treatment Options For many 50 year olds, tasks such as writing or walking can be easily preformed without much attention. In fact, the term “task” seems to stress that there is a greater level of effort than is truly exerted in order for the average person to perform these actions. However, for a patient of Parkinson’s Disease who is diagnosed on average at the age of 50, these every day activities take a

The Influences in the Advancements of Prosthetics

1165 words - 5 pages From peg legs and hooks to robotic arms and legs, prosthetics have made an outstanding leap. Prosthetics have enabled amputees to regain mobility and their lives. The advancements in prosthetics have also led to a better understanding in surgical amputation and the construction of prosthetics. The question is what influenced the advancements of prosthetics and how it affected prosthetics. The answer lies within the history and the physiological

The Right to Choose Medical Treatment

1835 words - 8 pages into remission. Despite this treatment not being approved by the FDA. Abraham’s family took him to Mexico, and started him on the Hoxsey treatment. Upon their return from Mexico, Abraham’s family was unaware that they were reported to social services for medical neglect. Their decision created an enormous amount of chaos which was a shock to this family. Abraham’s family spent a lot of time being tied up in court due to the intervention of the

Military Advancements in the USA- 19th Century

1195 words - 5 pages During the 1800s in the USA there were quite a bit of military advancements in the means of weapons and transportation. Starting with the weapons way back in the early United States from about 1786-1833 they had the Musket Model 1795 as their main weapon; which they go so figure used during the War of 1812 and also the Lewis and Clark expeditions. About 80,000 of these guns were built during the time they were in use. The Musket Model 1795 also

American Technological Advancements and the Cold War

2584 words - 10 pages American Technological Advancements and the Cold War Many of the military technological advancements that have been made in the last 60 years can be attributed to the Cold War. Much of the technology developed during the period of the Cold War is still in use today by the military and government. Advancements in offensive technology are well known to just about everyone in the way of nuclear energy harnessed in the form of the nuclear

To What Extent Were Medical Advancements of the Civil War Beneficial?

1707 words - 7 pages The goal of this investigation is to evaluate to what extent were medical advancements of the civil war beneficial? In order to assess this question from multiple perspectives of the topic, research is needed to further look into pre civil war medicine, diseases of the civil war, medical staff of the civil war, as well as the motivation behind advancements in medical technology. The pre and post-war periods of time will be considered in this

Companies and Technology in the Medical Field

1051 words - 4 pages to shortened development cycles for medical equipment compared to pharmaceutical and drug advancement. Through industry unification and movement to the major corporations in the marketplace there is improving homogeneity between organizations and products. This specific and fast product lifetime cycle drives steady advancements and takes a higher percentage when it comes to distribution to retain a market. For many solutions there has recently

Study and Comparison the Knowledge of Medical Students and Public Health about Control and Treatment of TB with DOTS Strategy

695 words - 3 pages In this descriptive - analytical research, the rate of knowledge, diagnosis and treatment of TB and DOTS Strategy in 90 public health and medical students who were chosen by a stratified and simple random method, was evaluated. The results showed that the mean score of health students' knowledge about TB and DOTS was less than mediocre (9.24±2.091 score of 20). Findings also indicated that their knowledge was low (8.67±1.954 score of 20). In the

Similar Essays

Scientific Advancements To The Study And Treatment Of Cancer

1285 words - 6 pages mummies, and human manuscripts found remains of cancerous tumors on the bones. The definition of cancer is many out-of-control cells growing rapidly non- stop, eventually start to invade other tissues in the body as well as organs in the body. Today many scientific advancements have been made related to both in the study of cancer and treatments. One of the first famous surgeons in the eighteen-century to make a great improvement in oncology was

Medical Advancements In World War Two

1734 words - 7 pages World War II brought death and destruction upon the world. On the other hand, it also opened doors for pioneering developments that commonly occur during such situations of high adversity. Some of the most important advancements took place in the field of medicine when the world was embroiled in World War II. As Dr. Ralph Major states, "An army is a vast laboratory of medical research where disease and injuries are seen on a far larger scale

Medical Advancements During The 19th Century

1094 words - 5 pages The medical potential of the 19th Century America was known to be one of the most unprepared medical countries in the world during the beginning of the19th century. Although today we are considered to have one of the best medical programs in the world, America was once unaware of how important hygiene and health was. The main points in the medical advancement throughout the 19th century were, the new practices and beliefs, the new diseases and

The Deplorable Treatment Of African Americans In Medical Research

1824 words - 7 pages demands on plantation work and the torturous treatment of slavery to the mental anguish inflicted on a slave’s soul by their masters, blacks have received deplorable treatment sanctioned by a white society. The end of slavery and the ushering in of the twenty first century did not end the torturous treatment and mental abuse. African Americans have been used for medical experimentation without consent for decades. Ironically they are treated as