The Biomedical Model Of Health Essay

1914 words - 8 pages

The bio-medical model of ill health has been at the forefront of western medicine since the end of the eighteenth century and grew stronger with the progress in modern science. This model underpinned the medical training of doctors. Traditionally medicine had relied on folk remedies passed down from generations and ill health was surrounded in superstition and religious lore with sin and evil spirits as the culprit and root of ill health. The emergence of scientific thinking questioned the traditional religious view of the world and is linked to the progress in medical practice and the rise of the biomedical model. Social and historical events and circumstances were an important factor in its development as explanations about disease were being found in biological systems of the body that contradicted the belief that linked causation to divine intervention or superstition. Cartesian dualism and Newtonian physics were influential in the academic world and there was a push to break away from the superstitions of the past. (Albrecht 2003 p: 15; Giddens 2009 p: 391; Barry & Yuill 2008 p 31).

By 1920 state regulation of medicine gave it enormous power with hospitals at the top of regional hierarchies. The profession was the first body to be consulted by government in matters of health. The model of health used by a society and individual cultures has important implications. The allocation of government money to fund healthcare is just one of them. Resources are allocated for the diagnosis and treatment of specific conditions and diseases. Social acceptance of a condition being referred to as an illness provides rewards including medical treatment, social acceptance of a sick role and financial benefits. Also the medical view of conditions changes and evolves. Soldiers shot in the First World War for cowardice are now recognized as suffering from post traumatic stress disorder. In the sociology of medicine Parson (1951) regarded medicine as functional in social terms. By tackling the person’s problems in medical terms the tendency towards deviance that was represented by ill health could be safely directed, until they could return to their normal self. (Lawrence 1994: p 64-65: BMJ 2004: Parson cited in Gabe, Bury & Elston 2006, p 127).

The biomedical model relies on several assumptions including the concept of mind body dualism with the mind and body seen as separate entities and accepting that they can be treated separately. The body itself was viewed as machine with a broken part that could be repaired or healed by an expert. There is a belief that a disease has its origin in a specific and knowable cause. The sick body can be examined, treated and repaired without taking other factors into consideration. The doctor holds a detached view of the patient and treats the body in isolation without considering other reasons that contribute to the condition.
(Barry & Yuill p 25; Giddens p 392; Nettleton pp: 3-4).

...

Find Another Essay On The Biomedical Model of Health

The Health Belief Model Essay

1944 words - 8 pages The Health Belief Model (HBM) of health behaviour change was originally developed in the 1950s in order to understand and explain why vaccination and screening programs being implemented at the time were not meeting with success (Edberg 2007). It was later extended to account for preventive health actions and illness behaviours (Roden 2004). Succinctly, it suggests that behaviour change is influenced by an individuals’ assessment of the benefits

The Development of Biomedical Implants and Prosthetics

1465 words - 6 pages world around us. Advancements in biomedical science have allowed us to alter this perception. Starting from the creation of the prosthetic limb people who have lost their motility and dexterity were able to regain their abilities. But it doesn’t stop there, recent and future developments have created bionic and alternative prosthetics that have allowed for improved physical abilities and aesthetic appeal. Technology has allowed us new means of

Social Model of Health of the Maori Tribe

1284 words - 5 pages socio economic influences. These would be for example, political, economic, social, psychological, cultural and environmental along with biomedical factors' (p.39). There has been a growing understanding to the social environment, that is known also as the social determinants of health. One part of the macro model is public policy and the role it plays in forming social environment which is '...conductive to better health' (Wilkinson, 2007, p.7

Health and Society: The Health Belief Model

2354 words - 9 pages interplay of numerous other factors that ultimately influences a particular health behaviour; these include social, cultural and environmental influences. All these stimuli interact and result in a set of beliefs that provides the basis for why individuals act the way they do. The Health Belief Model (HBM) is a psychological model that attempts to explain and predict health behaviors by focusing on the attitudes and beliefs of individuals (Health

Health promotion in a diverse community using the tannahill model of health promotion

2073 words - 8 pages The aim of this case study is to provide a detailed account of a patients holistic health care needs from a health promotion perspective utilising the Tannahill Model which will be described. In promoting the health of the patient maintaining individuality within a diverse community will also be discussed by the application of the model to the patient.Mary, the patient the study focuses on (surname withheld to uphold confidentiality), was chosen

The Ethics of Animal Use in Biomedical Research

1986 words - 8 pages Singer’s principle of equal consideration is of equal value to human pain. Animals do not have identical inner workings to humans, therefore may not respond to drugs or vaccines in the same way. In effect, animals are very poor model for humans, as toxicity and side effects in the animals can only be extrapolated to humans for a small fraction of test results. Therefore, putting animals through painful biomedical procedures is simply unethical as it

The Relevance of Evolutionary Theory in Biomedical Science

1936 words - 8 pages Biomedical Sciences, University of the West of England, Bristol, England, and the New York Blood Center, New York, NY; 2000. Avaliable from: http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/content/95/2/375.full?sid=d801b6c7-debf-40ce-96e2-51fc90ca25ea David. J. Anstee. Bristol Institute for Transfusion Sciences, National Health Service (NHS) Blood and Transplant, Bristol, United Kingdom; 2000. Available from: http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org

A theoretical model using the Health Belief Model

935 words - 4 pages program. The HBM is constructed in a manner that is easily followed and its components are easily relatable to chronic diseases such as anorexia nervosa (AN). The HBM is a predictor of preventative health; our program’s main goal is the prevention of AN, and the reduction of susceptibility in adolescents. The planners of “NO body is perfect, but EVERY body is beautiful” has applied the Health Belief Model to the anorexia prevention program because of

Critically Discuss The Relevance Of The Holistic Model To Diversity Within Mental Health Services

1696 words - 7 pages Critically discuss the relevance of the holistic model to diversity within mental health services.The essence of holism within a mental health context takes into account the whole person, and every factor that could effect an individual, it aims to look at the whole picture rather than concentrating on separate parts, for example it would take into account Physical, Psychological, Social (such as culture), Emotional and Spiritual (personal

How might a holistic model help in explaining the experience of mental health?

1794 words - 8 pages disorder, yet is questioning her mental health as life has become unmanageable and overwhelming (The Open University, 2008). The K225 Course Model examines the external influences of the service user and determines whether they have contributed to the mental distress being experienced (The Open University, 2008b, pp.26-27). This essay will use the K225 Model to discuss Bronwyn’s situation, working like a map to reveal the route that has led to

The Model of Forgiveness

1535 words - 7 pages mental triggers of anger. When these two emotions relate forgiveness, it becomes a “painful dilemma” (Flannery 136 Essay). Anger and guilt are “serious conflicts” (Flannery 136 Essay), where it needs forgiveness. People need to learn how to heal themselves. The self-healing has power to “alter their state of health”, which means every person should send positive thoughts “by eliminating stress” (Fisher 97). If people learn to forgive, they will

Similar Essays

The Medical Model Of Health Essay

3186 words - 13 pages uses the pediatric visit to enhance parents' health, especially their health behaviors and mental health. After pregnancy, the pediatric primary-care system may represent the only health system with which parents are consistently involved and affords a window of opportunity to address their health.At BCH, we have developed a successful model of two-generation health care: a clinic for both adolescent mothers and their children. In this program, both

The Biopsychosocial Model Of Health Essay

1830 words - 7 pages Firstly, as a GP, it is crucial to explore the biopsychosocial model of health. One must realise that biological, psychological and social factors all contribute to a person’s overall health. The social dimension cannot be ignored in Anne’s case. According to the World Health Organisation, the social determinants of health are ‘the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age.’ (World Health Organisation. 2013) From the

10 Years Beyond: The Role Of Biomedical Computing In Future Health Care

1097 words - 5 pages 10 Years Beyond: The Role of Biomedical Computing in Future Health Care If one were asked to predict the future of medicine a decade ago, I am certain only the most optimistic of people may have gotten a few predictions right. The future of health care which is based of countless variables is difficult to predict but one thing is for certain that computation will one of the most crucial aspects of its progress. Be it diagnosis or treatment

Model Of Health Essay

1321 words - 5 pages Critically discuss and defend the model of 'health' that appears to have the greatest practical relevance for you.The most well-known and widely cited description of ' health' is the World Health Organization's (WHO) definition, which defined health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. (WHO, 1958) In the 1986, the WHO definition of health was expanded to include a