This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Biopsychosocial Model Of Health Essay

1830 words - 7 pages

Firstly, as a GP, it is crucial to explore the biopsychosocial model of health. One must realise that biological, psychological and social factors all contribute to a person’s overall health. The social dimension cannot be ignored in Anne’s case. According to the World Health Organisation, the social determinants of health are ‘the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age.’ (World Health Organisation. 2013) From the information provided, one could suggest that various social factors have contributed to Anne’s obesity. Anne grew up in a deprived area of the inner city. Growing up in a deprived area does not directly cause obesity, however, social determinants are known as causes of the causes of ill health. (WMA. 2011) Obesity can be caused by consuming too many calories, leading a sedentary lifestyle and not sleeping enough. (Christian Nordqvist. 2011) These, in turn, could be referred to as consequences of living in the inner city. Studies have shown that ‘inner city parents have high levels of anxiety about neighbourhood safety. While these concerns may not entirely explain the discrepancy in activity levels between inner city and suburban children, a safe environment is crucial to increasing opportunities for physical activity.’ (Weir, L.A., Etelson, D. & Brand, D.A. 2006) Similarly, it is possible that Anne’s socio-economic status has influenced her smoking since a person below the poverty threshold is more likely than somebody at or above the threshold to be both a current smoker and not to have quit. (Flint, A.J. & Novotny, T.E. 1997)
Ideally, a GP would like to promote good health and prevent disease. Anne’s children are at high risk of becoming diabetic, given that they are obese. I would do blood and urine tests and advise the family about lifestyle changes necessary to improve their health. Neglecting to acknowledge the social factors affecting their health would be a huge mistake when giving this advice. It is important to recognise that Anne cannot control all of the factors that may be negatively impacting on her health. She is living in a local authority housing estate in a disadvantaged area of the inner city and given that ‘the highest rates of obesity occur among population groups with the highest poverty rates and the least education’ (Adam Drewnowski and SE Specter 2013) one could claim that relocating would be a possible solution. Clearly this would be an unrealistic plan. So too would the notion of buying gym membership for 3 people. So as her GP, I would encourage her to keep a food diary for a week so I could see the amount of calories the family consumed and see their eating habits, to go for a walk every evening with her children and give her brochures with easy recipes for healthy meals.
Anne also needs to be made aware of complications associated with childhood obesity. Having excess weight makes both adults and children susceptible to heart disease, type 2 diabetes and many other conditions....

Find Another Essay On The Biopsychosocial Model of Health

Model of health Essay

1321 words - 5 pages Critically discuss and defend the model of 'health' that appears to have the greatest practical relevance for you.The most well-known and widely cited description of ' health' is the World Health Organization's (WHO) definition, which defined health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. (WHO, 1958) In the 1986, the WHO definition of health was expanded to include a

The Health Belief Model Essay

1944 words - 8 pages The Health Belief Model (HBM) of health behaviour change was originally developed in the 1950s in order to understand and explain why vaccination and screening programs being implemented at the time were not meeting with success (Edberg 2007). It was later extended to account for preventive health actions and illness behaviours (Roden 2004). Succinctly, it suggests that behaviour change is influenced by an individuals’ assessment of the benefits

Happiness in the Hierarchy of Needs and Biopsychosocial Models

3113 words - 12 pages aligned with what one may see on Maslow’s hierarchy of needs model. The stages in this model may be paralleled with the factors influencing the biopsychosocial model, which incorporates the impact of biology, one’s psychological frame of mind, and the social surroundings. Both Maslow’s hierarchical needs model and the biopsychosocial model act as an easy-to-understand framework for the health psychology field, as demonstrated through the factors

Social Model of Health of the Maori Tribe

1284 words - 5 pages Discuss and Contrast the Maori and Social models of Health "Health is a social, economic and political issue and above all a fundamental human right. Inequality, poverty, exploitation, violence and injustice are at the root of ill-health" (Braum, 2008, p.3).The Maori model of Health, in particular "Whare Tapa Wha" is based on four simple key aspects to ensure overall general health and well being, Taha Wairua, Taha Hinengaro, Taha Tinana and

Health and Society: The Health Belief Model

2354 words - 9 pages interplay of numerous other factors that ultimately influences a particular health behaviour; these include social, cultural and environmental influences. All these stimuli interact and result in a set of beliefs that provides the basis for why individuals act the way they do. The Health Belief Model (HBM) is a psychological model that attempts to explain and predict health behaviors by focusing on the attitudes and beliefs of individuals (Health

Health promotion in a diverse community using the tannahill model of health promotion

2073 words - 8 pages The aim of this case study is to provide a detailed account of a patients holistic health care needs from a health promotion perspective utilising the Tannahill Model which will be described. In promoting the health of the patient maintaining individuality within a diverse community will also be discussed by the application of the model to the patient.Mary, the patient the study focuses on (surname withheld to uphold confidentiality), was chosen

A theoretical model using the Health Belief Model

935 words - 4 pages program. The HBM is constructed in a manner that is easily followed and its components are easily relatable to chronic diseases such as anorexia nervosa (AN). The HBM is a predictor of preventative health; our program’s main goal is the prevention of AN, and the reduction of susceptibility in adolescents. The planners of “NO body is perfect, but EVERY body is beautiful” has applied the Health Belief Model to the anorexia prevention program because of

Critically Discuss The Relevance Of The Holistic Model To Diversity Within Mental Health Services

1696 words - 7 pages Critically discuss the relevance of the holistic model to diversity within mental health services.The essence of holism within a mental health context takes into account the whole person, and every factor that could effect an individual, it aims to look at the whole picture rather than concentrating on separate parts, for example it would take into account Physical, Psychological, Social (such as culture), Emotional and Spiritual (personal

How might a holistic model help in explaining the experience of mental health?

1794 words - 8 pages disorder, yet is questioning her mental health as life has become unmanageable and overwhelming (The Open University, 2008). The K225 Course Model examines the external influences of the service user and determines whether they have contributed to the mental distress being experienced (The Open University, 2008b, pp.26-27). This essay will use the K225 Model to discuss Bronwyn’s situation, working like a map to reveal the route that has led to

The Model of Forgiveness

1535 words - 7 pages mental triggers of anger. When these two emotions relate forgiveness, it becomes a “painful dilemma” (Flannery 136 Essay). Anger and guilt are “serious conflicts” (Flannery 136 Essay), where it needs forgiveness. People need to learn how to heal themselves. The self-healing has power to “alter their state of health”, which means every person should send positive thoughts “by eliminating stress” (Fisher 97). If people learn to forgive, they will

Management of Workplace, Health & Safety. Use of Accident Causation Model

1405 words - 6 pages facility is loss to the plant/factory/equipment in factories and loss of furniture, air-condition etc in offices. Loss of environment is harm to the environment by emission of hazardous materials which pollutes air, water and the surroundings.The Epidemiological ModelThe Epidemiological model is the study of how human beings are affected if they come into contact with diseases or injured by some hazardous chemicals. This model involves three

Similar Essays

The Biopsychosocial Model And Research In Mental Health

1417 words - 6 pages It is generally accepted within healthcare that to understand mental health we must adopt the biopsychosocial model. This model assumes that an interdependent relationship exists between biological, psychological and social factors which are involved in all aspects of mental health (Toates, 2010, p. 14). To be true to the model research must be holistic and not investigate the factors in isolation. Key terms will be defined and a review of the

The Biopsychosocial Model Essay

1921 words - 8 pages been useful. The Biomedical model which evolved since the 19th century from Galen’s (Greek physician 200AD) concept of pathogen, focused on removing the disease/disability and not on prevention or general well-being [9]. The Biopsychosocial model however, doesn’t merely focus on the physical state of the body but recognizes the human being as a complex organism and health as an interaction between the physical/body/biological, mind/psychological

The Biomedical Model Of Health Essay

1914 words - 8 pages The bio-medical model of ill health has been at the forefront of western medicine since the end of the eighteenth century and grew stronger with the progress in modern science. This model underpinned the medical training of doctors. Traditionally medicine had relied on folk remedies passed down from generations and ill health was surrounded in superstition and religious lore with sin and evil spirits as the culprit and root of ill health. The

The Medical Model Of Health Essay

3186 words - 13 pages uses the pediatric visit to enhance parents' health, especially their health behaviors and mental health. After pregnancy, the pediatric primary-care system may represent the only health system with which parents are consistently involved and affords a window of opportunity to address their health.At BCH, we have developed a successful model of two-generation health care: a clinic for both adolescent mothers and their children. In this program, both