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The Birth Control Pill In The United States

1402 words - 6 pages

Have you ever thought that one pill could change a woman’s future? With increasing technology, many scientists and activists have changed the way of family planning all around the world. There are many advantages for women that come along with taking a form of oral contraceptive. Many people put a lot of time and effort into developing this pill.
Margret Sanger was born in 1883 and who would’ve known that she would be the future feminist leader in the birth control movement in the mid 1900’s. She became a nurse in a poor down part of New York City, New York. While working in that part of town, Margret became concerned with uncontrolled fertility in conditions of poverty. She was later ...view middle of the document...

The next year, Pincus and Rock conduct the first oral contraceptives on humans in 50 women from Massachusetts; the trial works.
Large clinical trials are being done in Puerto Rico in 1956 because there are no anti-birth control laws. The trials are one-hundred percent effective, but the side effects of the pill are being ignored. In 1957, the Food and Drug Administration approves the oral contraceptive, but is not being used as birth control yet, but for people with severe mental disorders. Large groups of women begin to report severe me trial disorders.
The pill is now approved for contraceptive use in 1960 (Nikolvhev). The first true oral contraceptive, used as birth control, is called Envoid (Thompson). In 1962, after two years of the birth control pill being on the market, 1.2 million women are now taking the contraceptive; after three years it raises to 2.3 million. Oral contraceptives are still controversial, and the pill stays illegal in 8 states. The Pope convenes the Commission on Population, the Family and Natality; many people in the Catholic Church are in favor of the Pope's decision. Five years after the Food and Drug Administration approves the pill, 6.5 million American women are now on the birth control pill and, it becomes the most popular form of birth control (Niklochev). During this year, the Supreme Court case (Griswold v. Connecticut), gave married couples the right to use oral contraception, the ruling of the case showed that that it was protected in the Constitution as a "right to privacy". However, millions of unmarried women in 26 states were still denied birth control (Thompson).
In 1967, the controversy over the pill takes on a whole new set of problems when African- American advocates blame Planned Parenthood, for providing birth control in poor neighborhoods and say it is committing genocide. Pope Paul VI, in 1968, ultimately decides his opposition to the pill in the Humane Vitae encyclical. Barbara Seaman published her book The Doctors Case Against the Pill in 1969. This book showed the side effects of taking an oral contraceptive like the risk of blood clots, heart attack, stroke, depression, weight gain and loss of libido. The Senate hearings in 1970 were disrupted by women demanding a voice on the issue. After the Senate hearing, the sales of the oral contraceptive drop twenty-four percent in four years because the health risk became public (Niklochev).
The Supreme Court case (Bair v. Eisendadt), in 1979, legalized birth control for all citizens of this country no matter what their marital status is. In the 1980’s new types of oral contraceptives begeing to become popular like low hormone dose pills and Yuepe, a form of emergency contraception or the “morning after” pill (Thompson). During 1988, the original high-dose pill is taken off the market; a Food and Drug Administration study showed the health benefits of new pills, including a smaller risk of ovarian cancer, iron deficiency anemia and pelvic...

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