The Birth Of The American Essay

1126 words - 5 pages

The Birth Of The "American" Throughout history, the United States has come to be known as the "champion of democracy", a new order based on free speech, individual freedom and human rights, and sovereignty of it's nation states. Knowing this, it is hard to fathom that a country so strong, proud, and powerful sprouted up out of literally nothing without much help from anyone. As little as 224 years ago, a small population of immigrants braved hunger, disease and the Unknown of a strange land in order to establish a free new world for the persecuted and the outcast. These people fought against all odds, overcame every obstacle, and defended their right to basic human freedoms to become what we call today, an American.The economic theory that sparked Britain's first interest in the idea of colonialism was a concept known as Mercantilism. this term is best defined as an economic system developed specifically to unify and increase the power and especially the monetary wealth of a nation by a "strict governmental regulation of the entire national economy usually through policies designed to secure an accumulation of bullion, a favorable balance of trade, the development of agriculture and manufactures, and the establishment of foreign trading monopolies". To incite this idea further was the discovery of a strange new land, there for the taking, inhabited only by native savages. For the most part, Britain viewed the settling of the "new world" as a profitable investment, a win-win situation so to speak.Incidentally, the first settlers of this neoteric land were made up primarily of those seeking refuge from religious persecution, as well as the poverty-stricken from such countries as Britain and the diverse people of Holland. These brave initial settlers were faced with countless trials and tribulations in order to strengthen their survival rate in the savage new environment. Faced with such hardships as hostile natives, brutal weather conditions, malaria-carrying mosquitoes, and total unfamiliarity with the raw wilderness, many settlers died or became devastatingly ill. Eventually, with help from some of the more amicable native people as well as the use of adaptation, the surviving colonists established their own functioning living environment. Over the first few years, these undeveloped communities had developed into small, yet thriving new cities.During much of the beginning of the colonial existence, England was at war with the French and did not pay much attention to the colonies. Also, since they were so far away and were warring with other nations, they did not possess the man power needed to enforce the laws developed for the colonists. As a result of this, the settlers had grown to think of the British government as a distant entity and in no way saw themselves as part of England. This left the people in a very independent state of mind, thus they began to form their own ideas of government. Soon the colonists became much less respectful to...

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