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The Bishop Of Hamburg Grants A Chart To Colonists

717 words - 3 pages

The Bishop of Hamburg Grants a Charter to Colonists (1106) is a legal document commissioned by Frederick, Bishop of Hamburg, outlining the rights of the Hollanders in regards to the land he was offering for them to colonise. Furthermore, the charter was signed by “Henry, the Priest, to whom we have granted the aforesaid churches for life” in addition to the “laymen, Helikin, Arnold, Hiko, Fordolt, and Referic” . Produced in 1106, this source reveals the value of land in the economic climate of the Middle Ages. This source is “a perpetual benediction” , and thus is destined to the current and future Bishop landowners of the area, to bind them in legal agreement, according to the specific ...view middle of the document...

Clauses five through seven further highlight the importance of the Church as they highlight the importance of peoples living on Christian land to practice the religion and adhere to the ecclesiastical order of the Holy Roman Empire.
Archbishop Frederick of Hamburg’s charter illuminates the issues prevalent in his society, making this text valuable in understanding the political, economic and commercial problems faced at the time. The significance of this text lies in its illumination of the expansion of Europe, the commercial revolution, the importance of religion, and to a lesser extent thee investiture controversy. The commercial revolution of the High Middle Ages was universal, in that it occurred in both rural and urban societies. However, in the countryside, as is prevalent to this source, the commercial revolution “depended on the enterprise of peasants and the support of people in power” . Furthermore, agricultural expansion, spurred by the expanding economy and client base invited foreign trade, as Vikings and Muslims came to take part in the European towns and fairs, and in...

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