The Blitz, Sources Questions. Essay

2919 words - 12 pages

1. Study Source AWhat can people learn from Source A about the response of the British people to the effects of the Blitz?People can learn that the British responded to terror and tragedy with courage and determination and that even people in the most appalling circumstances still managed to keep their sense of humour. People can learn that it wasn't only soldiers that were involved in the war and that ordinary civilians were often heroes too, this is described by the phrase 'they didn't have to be in uniform to be heroes.' However we do have to doubt this because of the origin of the source. It must obviously contain primary sources in the book but the publisher is only going to show one side because we have to take in to consideration that it was published to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of the Blitz. Therefore it would not show the bad things like the deaths and fear but only the bravery and unity of the British people. I can conclude from this that it is a biased source.2.Study Sources B,C,How useful are sources B and C in helping you to understand the effects of the Blitz on the people in Britain.Source B is very useful in helping me to understand the effects of the Blitz on the people in Britain because it shows us that not everything had a happy ending as is shown in Source C. It is also useful because it helps me to understand the attempts of the government to keep up morale by censoring such morbid photographs as this one. It shows bodies in sacking and air raid wardens that are standing there but are helpless. It shows a variety of civilians that are trying to help but cannot really do anything. If this photograph was published it would have lowered morale and made people who were not affected by war realise exactly what was going on. The caption above the photograph is also very useful as it tells us about the photograph and that it was dated 21 January 1943. 1943 is not a date usually associated with the Blitz but this Source tells us that the bombings on London were still occurring at a late stage.Source C is useful because it tells us that the government were prepared to use propaganda to keep morale up. This is obviously a piece of propaganda used by the government because it is a posed photograph of a large group of people looking happy. Propaganda like this was not banned because they showed people pulling together. If people saw images like this daily then they would be encouraged to do the same as these people and face the world with 'British "grit"' even though their houses were bombed and wrecked. The origin of the photograph is also useful as it was published on 15 September 1940 which is when Hitler changed his tactics and started bombing London and other major cities. I think this would have been a period of time when the bombing would have been quite heavy and I doubt it if many other people were as happy as this but we also have to take into account the fact that morale would have been high at the beginning of the...

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