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The Bloodiest Days In Georgia, It Describes The Days Leading Up To And Of The Battle Of Chickamuaga During The Civil War.

1045 words - 4 pages

The Bloodiest Days in GeorgiaThe bloodiest days in Georgia lasted two days, starting September 19, 1863. These bloody days are known as the battle of Chickamauga. The battle of Chickamauga took place near Reed's Bridge, Gordon's Mill, Lafayette Road, and the Chickamauga River. The purpose of this battle was to defend slavery, ensure states rights, and allow the South to secede from the Union.There were two commanders during this battle: For the Union, General William Rosecran, and for the Confederates General Braxton Bragg. Both generals were great leaders. General William Rosecran (1819-1898) graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at Westpoint in 1842. He led several great battles. General Braxton Bragg (1817-1876) also graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at Westpoint in 1837.The Union had an army of about 55,000 men, and the Confederates had an army of about 70,000 men. The 15,000 difference in men could explain why the Confederates won this great battle, but then again the men could have just been trained better. Whatever the reason, the Confederates won this battle.The two armies had very different battle plans. General Bragg's plan was to "lead the Union left and roll down the line, cutting the link with Chattanooga and hurling Rosecran's back to destruction among the cliffs." (Pratt 247) His plan for the second day was to attack on Lafayette Road, dividing the Union troops. General Rosecran's plan for his troops was plain and simple: all he called for was to fight long and hard. At night, he and his troops built boundaries to protect them from the Confederate attacks.The battle of Chickamauga started on September 19, 1863. The night of September 18, 1863, both sides prepared for battle the next day, but neither army had a clue as to where the enemy was. Because of the thick woods, sometimes the commanders did not have a clue as to where their own troops were! The lines of troops got up to six miles long!The first day of battle, September 19, 1863, was a long and bloody day. The day started poorly for the Union because Bragg lost the battle plans and they ended up in the hands of the Confederates. Thus, the Union's first attack was ruined. At around 8:15 am, Colonel Daniel McCook of the Confederates had successfully set fire to Reed's Bridge. Colonel Daniel McCook was then told to withdraw his plans. For fear that the Confederates had crossed the river and were nearby.Union troops, now cautious about enemies in their territories, spotted Confederate troops investigating the burning of Reed's Bridge. Soon the Confederates noticed the Union troops scoping them out. So, Colonel John Croxton commanded about 1,000 Confederates to line up out of sight. Concentrating on their enemy, as soon as they were ready a single shot was released. The Confederate troops were unaware of the Union soldiers and this caused severe damages. This attack lead to the first shots in the battle of Chickamauga. The survivors were taken as prisoners. " Ole...

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