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The Boston Massacre: The British Were Guilty

844 words - 3 pages

One of the key events that sparked the Revolutionary War was the street riot known
as The Boston Massacre. Which also soon brought armed rebellion throughout the
colonies. The squad of musket­wielding British soldiers was at fault for the inexcusable
"massacre" on the colonial mob in Boston.. The killings of March 5, termed a "massacre"
by Patriot leaders became a well­known, inspirational event in all colonies to rebel against
the increasingly unwelcome presence of British troops and excite the colonial public to join
the Patriot cause.
On March 5, 1770, a riot broke out between a "patriot" mob, armed with snowballs,
stones, and clubs, and a squad of British soldiers from the 29th Regiment, armed with
muskets and bayonets. That evening a group of Boston residents gathered on King Street
to demonstrate their anger over the various taxes Parliament had recently placed on the
colonies. Soon the group of protestors became a mob of about fifty aggravated colonists
and eventually overwhelmed the sentry, Hugh White, who was on post on King Street. A
squad of British soldiers came to aid the sentry in controlling the large mob that were now
throwing stones and snowballs at the troops.. White then entered into an argument with a
wig­maker's apprentice, Edward Garrick. The shouts of insults going back and forth soon
escalated into violence when White smashed Garrick's head with the butt of his musket,
knocking him to the the ground. As more and more townspeople arrived at the scene, a
crowd of as many as four hundred howling citizens riot against the British soldiers. The
crowd advanced to within inches of the soldiers, daring them to fire their muskets. Soldiers
fired into the mob killing 3 on the spot, a black sailor named Crispus Attucks, ropemaker
Samuel Gray, and a mariner named James Caldwell, and wounding 8 others, two of whom

died later, Samuel Maverick and Patrick Carr. Two soldiers, Hugh Montgomery and
Matthew Killroy were convicted by the jury and arrested for manslaughter. The British officer
in charge, Capt. Thomas Preston and the other soldiers, also arrested, were later released
due to the prosecution producing little evidence.
The colonial point of view is they have the right to protest. The colonists were only
speaking out against the unfair taxes that have been placed on them by Parliament. Even
though they were instigating the British troops, the soldiers should not have shot any bullets
whatsoever. Soldiers are trained to be tough and the fact that they shouted back insults to
the colonists and struck one in the head with the butt of their musket is immature for
soldiers and caused the British soldiers to take all of the blame...

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