The Bourbon Reforms In Mexico Essay

1451 words - 6 pages

The Bourbon ReformsIn this article "La epoca de las refromas borbonicas y el crecimiento economico (1750-1808)" we are able to see how the bourbon reforms brought by Jose de Gálvez changed the course of Mexican history. We see economic, political, social and cultural changes that and be studies and related to Mexico's present situation.The new Bourbon administration took power in Spain in 1707, however it was not until Charles III that the Bourbon Reforms took effect. The principal objectives of these reforms were to centralize government authority, create a much more modern bureaucracy, and better the economy, both in the homeland and in the colonies. It must be noted that these reforms were not to restructure the colonies and better them, there were put in effect with the sole purpose to profit Spain.During this time in Mexican history we see significant changes that can be seen as a collaborator in the paving of the way to independence. With an authoritarian type of government Spain decisively went to New Spain to once again regain direct military control and improve its efficiency in order to increase revenues for itself. This resulted in tighter control, alienation of Creole elites, and finally indigenous rebellions.Economic ReformsMany measures were taken to secure the increase in the economy that Spain desperately needed. Free trade was encouraged, New Spain was allowed to trade with the other colonies of Spain as long as it didn't compete or impede with the commerce of Spain. Of course Spain made sure to have a greater control on ports and products that were exported and imported. I believe that this was of huge importance due to that this allowed them to not only share products and recourses, they were now allowed to venture out and share ideas. More trade meant more taxation and even more taxes were charged.To avoid corruption in the collection of taxes consulados were put in charge of such recollection, this giving more control to Spain since the consulados reported directly to the king. This exploitation obviously was to the discontent of the merchants making some even retire from the profession. The new freedom to explore and the opening of new ports gave Spain a better position in the world of commerce.More exploitation of natural resources was also put in effect. In 1792 the Colegio de Mineria was created to teach mining techniques and other such skills. The extraction of silver became of huge importance in the trade world; they used it to trade for articles such as clothes, paper, iron, and spices both from Europe and Asia. Silver also was used to pay the external debt that Spain has gotten into throughout the years. Silver became a huge business, promoting investments as well as the development of banks. In the 18th century Spain exported more that 66% of the worlds silver mostly from New Spain and Peru.Many monopolies were broken up only to be repossessed by Spain and made larger. A clear example of this is that of the...

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