This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Brazilian Independence Movement Essay

1402 words - 6 pages

The Brazilian Independence MovementDuring the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, many Latin American countries went through a time of enlightenment which lead them to independence. One of these movements was the Brazilian independence movement. The Brazilian independence movement was one of the most peacefully-accomplished revolutions in Latin America. In this essay, the underlying and the direct causes to Brazil's movement, the outcome of the movement, the successes and failures of the movement, and a recapitulation of the history of Brazil will be discussed.Brazil was discovered by Pedro Alvarez Cabral in the name of Portugal on April 22, 1500. During the 1530's colonists from Portugal began to settle in Brazil and started establishing large sugar cane plantations. "Brazilian sugar, sold in Europe, brought wealth to Portugal."(Galloway) Large settlements like Recife, Salvador, and Sao Vicente were created and the Portuguese prospered. In time, two classes had developed. The first class was the reinois, those born in Portugal, and the second, the mazombos, the native-born Brazilians (although still pure Portuguese peoples). "The mazombos disliked those reinois who arrived in the New World to exploit it and then return with [Brazilian] riches to Portugal."(Burnes,16) After diamonds and gold were found in Minas Gerais, Brazil became a huge profit to Portugal. Over three million "colonists and slaves lived in Brazil. The slaves made up more than half the population."(Galloway) Aside from the conflicts between the mazombo and reinois classes, Brazil was a very prosperous colony. After France invaded Portugal and the Portuguese fled to Brazil, the colony became even more important, reaching "to the status of a kingdom." (Galloway) Afterwards, Brazil's prosperous times went downhill. Soon enough, the Portuguese royal family could returnto Portugal and they left Dom Pedro I to rule.The Portuguese parliament was "resentful of the exalted position Brazil had come to occupy in the empire, [and] moved to reduce the country to its former colonial status"(Burnes,29), and insisted on making Pedro rule from Lisbon. Brazil would not allow Portugal to push it aside again and Pedro whom was under the influence of Brazilian nationalists, favored Brazilian independence. Jose Bonifacio de Adrada e Silva, a very prominent Brazilian nationalist and a martyr of Brazilian independence happened to be Dom Pedro I's Minister of the Interior. On January 9, 1822, he refused the orders given to him by Portugal to return to Lisbon and on September 7 of that same you he proclaimed Brazil's independence as he "raised his sword and cried: "Independence or death!""(Burnes,30) By March of 1824, a constitution was made for Brazil, making it officially independent.Brazil had many direct causes that lead to its independence, but only one indirect cause. Although the name of the classes of colonists in Latin America differed (like mazombo or mestizo), the tensions between the two...

Find Another Essay On THE BRAZILIAN INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENT

Brazil Essay

925 words - 4 pages socialization. Cultural traditions and customs have had an impact on the Brazilian society in Latin America. Therefore, to gain understanding of Brazil's culture the characteristics of this nation's past and economy will be analyzed. According to the Library of Countries Studies, in 1822 Federative Republic of Brazil gained independence from Portugal to gain rights in regards to economic and social discrimination. economic and social

Tropicalia as Rebellion Essay

1549 words - 6 pages Mutantes, poets Torquato Neto and Capinam, and the conductor and orchestral arranger Rogério Duprat, who together would form the nucleus of a new “rebel” movement in Brazilian music (Perrone, Dunn 72-74). By that point in time the Brazilian music scene was split into two. One side consisted of the traditionalists who were supported by both the conservative establishment as well as the leftist opposition, led by intellectuals, the cultural elite

The African Lifestyle

3597 words - 14 pages Brazilian culture but that have evolved throughout the years in terms of order as blacks became more accepted in society. Dance is obviously a visual art but there is more to it then moving. Music plays a big role in the movement of the dancer, depending on the song the dancer moves along with the beat of the drum (a African musical instrument). There is also the use of costumes and clothing which would help show creativity and expression for a

brazil

1738 words - 7 pages Essay of South American countriesUnique or influential aspects of the country´s culture or history on the worldBrazilBrazil´s culture is vibrant and diverse also is a culture of a very diverse nature and culture is colorful, attracts many people to know and experience the core of this vibrant culture. Portuguese and African influences are evident in the Brazilian culture, religion, architecture, music, and food. The geography and

Three-toed Sloth

799 words - 3 pages tail of the sloth is about 1 to 3 inches long. (www.animalsoftherainforest.com/sloth.html) The Brazilian three-toed sloth has a brownish fur, which it uses to try and camouflage itself. Also, to try and help camouflage itself the sloth has lots of green algae on it so it blends better with the leaves in the trees. (www.kalama.doe.hawaii.edu/hern95/pt006/g4/c3/jeremyp.html) Due to the great camouflage on the sloth and its lack of movement the sloth

Brazil World Trade

4083 words - 16 pages Brazil World Trade From the 1500’s to the 1930’s the Brazilian economy relied on the production of primary products for exports. For three centuries Brazil’s economy was heavily curbed because since Portugal discovered Brazil, they subjected it’s economy to an imperial mercantile policy or a strictly enforced colonial pact. Even though Brazil received its independence in 1822, Portugal’s phase of decisions left a lasting, powerful

Brazilian Na?f Sculpture

717 words - 3 pages Brazilian Naïf Sculpture According to any artist’s dictionary ceramics is simply “the art of making objects such as pottery out of clay” (4). However, when the naïf sculpture movement began in Brazil in the early 1940’s artists took this simple definition to an entirely new level of expression. The small, unglazed clay statues that were created had the ability to portray complete scenes daily life, showcasing not only activity but moments of

American Revolution vs. Brazilian Revolution

1187 words - 5 pages them. As a result, the colonists revolted leading to the independence of the United States of America. Unlike the American Revolution, the Brazilian Revolution was caused less by economic interests and more by ideas. During the latter part of the 18th century, a considerable minority of Brazilians went to Europe to become educated at universities there such as the University of Coimbra. This minority “...were influenced, however indirectly, by the

Brazil: The County of the Future

3263 words - 14 pages today. The first, being the pre-colonial period to monarchy, characterized by political and economic development and an independence movement, which lasted from approximately the year 1500 to 1889. The second, being the era of government transitions, consisting of numerous democratic and totalitarian transitions, which lasted from 1889 until unofficially 1994. The third and most recent, being the democratic consolidation and prosperity of modern

The Diverse Cultures in Brazil

796 words - 4 pages Brazilian culture was the Portuguese culture. Most of the Brazilian citizens have ancestral origins in their lifelines. The portuguese Migrated to Brazil around 1822 after they claimed their independence from Portugal. Another reason the groups migrated was they sought economic opportunities. A lot of the portuguese came to Brazil working as traders and shopkeepers. Brazil was founded to have gold and diamond mines so a lot more people started

Brazil

1341 words - 5 pages . Children dress up in old-fashioned plaid clothes, paint freckles on their faces and wear straw hats. People also dance the quadrilha, a Brazilian square dance. September 7 is Brazil's Independence Day. This is the day in 1822 when the country was declared independent of Portugal. Christmas is important for Brazilians. Families will often get together and celebrate on Christmas Eve rather than Christmas Day. The seasons in Brazil are opposite to

Similar Essays

Article Review Paper: "The Recognition Of Brazilian Independence"

1329 words - 5 pages When researching the subject of Brazilian independence from Portugal and the contexts surrounding its peaceful path to independence, one will find two historians standing in the foreground of the study; Kenneth Maxwell and Alan K. Manchester. Kenneth Maxwell is an expert in Portuguese and Brazilian history and currently writes a weekly column for Brazil’s Folha newspaper. Alan Manchester (1897-1983) was an expert on Latin American and South

Bourbon Reform & How It Affected The Independence Movement

1076 words - 5 pages Bourbon Reform & How It Affected the Independence Movement Introduction Historians refer to the period 1759-1763 as the Bourbon Latin America, due to the praised reform activities that took place during this period. These reforms were developed and facilitated by enlightened government leaders and reformers like Jose Patino and Princes of the House of Bourbon. The importance of these reforms has made the earlier periods of Bourbon Latin America

Mahatma Gandhi Three Accomplishments Which In Turn Helped The Independence Movement Against The British

1001 words - 4 pages violence. He reminded the world to take a good look in the mirror and not to make judgements based simply the color of a person's skin. When he fought the British in this way, all for the independence of India, he led Indians and Muslims alike to fight for independence in an exclusively nonviolent manner. Much of what Gandhi had done was intended to be symbolic towards the British and to show them that it was coming to the point that they were no

Tropicalia Not Just Music Essay

987 words - 4 pages band Os Mutantes, poets Torquato Neto and Capinam, and the conductor and orchestral arranger Rogério Duprat, who together would form the nucleus of a new “rebel” movement in Brazilian music (Perrone, Dunn 72-74). By that point in time the Brazilian music scene was split into two. One side consisted of the traditionalists who were supported by both the conservative establishment as well as the leftist opposition, led by intellectuals, the