Many diseases claim the lives of people every day. The Bubonic plague was a serious epidemic that killed an estimated 25 million people across Europe during the fourteenth century. Not only did the plague create hardships over the country in many areas with the attitude and lifestyle, it also created some good with the economy by creating jobs.
The bubonic plague is a disease from a bacterial infection caused by Yesinia petitis. This bacteria comes from rat fleas. The rats carry the bacteria in their digestive tracts which would then travel to the fleas and would not harm them. When the rats die, the fleas move on to another rat and when that rat is bit, it becomes infected with the bacteria as well. The disease killed about two thirds of the infected humans with four days that they became infected. Bubonic plague is a derivative from the Greek word “βουβών” which means groin. The significance of the Greek word is that the disease causes lymph nodes to become swollen in the armpit area and the groin area. The infection comes from the fleas that are found on animals, particularly small rodents. A common question that is asked is, what is the difference between the bubonic plague and the Black Death? The plague is the cause of the Black Death in Europe during the fourteenth century.
The signs and symptoms of this illness is very similar to those of the flu. The most common symptom like stated before is the swollenness of the lymph nodes in the groin and armpit area which can become very painful. These areas of the swollen lymph nodes are often the areas where the person was bit. Other symptoms that occurred were muscle cramps, chills, high fever, seizures, vomiting, fatigue, decomposition of the skin. A more serious symptom from this disease is gangrene of the extremities, for example the fingers, toes, arms and feet. Although most cases of the people who were infected were killed, there were some treatments that could prolong their life a few hours maybe a few extra days. To avert death people that were infected had to seek treatment as soon as possible to prevent death. Different antibiotics would be given to the patient. Other treatments that were used was intravenous fluids and respiratory support. The mortality rate of the people who were treated was about 15% versus those who went untreated the mortality rate was as high as 60%.
The first early outbreak before the Black Death happened during the sixth century and happened in the Byzantine Empire. Emperor Justinian became infected but survived with treatments. This plague was called the Plague of Justinian because of the emperor. This plague killed about 50 million people in the Roman Empire. Then during the fourteenth century the outbreak of the disease hit Europe around 1347. The small rodents that traveled on the merchant ships is the reason why the disease spread so quickly. It’s believed that the disease first originated from Central Asia to Italy and then to Europe. The Black...