This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Burden Imposed On The South African Health System

1990 words - 8 pages

The burden imposed on the South African Health System can be exponentially linked to the theme of social inequalities of health based upon race and class. These were implemented by the pre-1994 Apartheid government and its policies. The establishment of “4 independent homelands—Bophuthatswana, Ciskei, Transkei, and Venda—and 6 self-governing territories—Gazankulu, Kangwane, KwaNdebele, Kwazulu, Lebowa, and Qwaqu” with each of these having their own health departments, with an addition of the 400 local authorities own health departments. Consequentially the co-ordination and management of all these departments was poor and inefficient, leading to major differences and incongruences in the South African Health System and departments. Due to emphasis being placed on segregation, it is notable that in 1981 there was 1 doctor per 330 whites and 1 per 91000 Black populations. What this led to is a trend of (IMR) infant mortality rates ranging from 20% in the Black Population, comparing to a slight 2.7% amongst the White population and as we have studied, the IMR rates are key indicators of a countries health status. Furthermore life expectancy amongst the populations was as follows: 55 years for Blacks, 58 years for Coloreds, 65 years for Asians, and 70 years for the Whites. The incidence of non-communicable diseases such as: Tuberculosis (per 10000) was high amongst the black, Indian and Asian populations as comparable to the white population. Presently, 20 years after South Africa became a democratic country, we can deduce how the un-coordinated multiple Health systems and departments were combined into 9 Provincial Health Sectors. The independent homelands and self-governing territories are now included into ‘united’ South Africa. It is important to point out that, although incorporated into Democratic South Africa, these lands still stand among the least underserved, underdeveloped and resourced areas. Data revealed by a 2002 Afrobarometer: Round II Survey of South Africa pointed out that although South Africa has been democratic for 14 years at the time, there were still 40.8% of Blacks, 22.9% of Coloureds who still had no access to medical care in 2001, compared to 10.9% of Whites and 6.9% of the Asian population. It was further mentioned that disparities between populations were not only concentrated in health but in education, health infrastructure and income. The NHI policy included that the total South African population accounts for only 0.7% of the global population, but it carries 17% of the amount of people infected with HIV in the world which according to the policy amounts to 3 times the global average. Additionally, the TB and HIV/AIDS co-infection rates are amongst the highest in the world totaling 73% additional burden to the already burdened Health Care System. The policy further acknowledges the prevalence of non-communicable diseases including (“High blood pressure, diabetes, chronic diseases, chronic lung diseases, cancer and...

Find Another Essay On The Burden Imposed on The South African Health System

Title: South African support on Humanitarian Intervention in the 1653

1149 words - 5 pages Advantages for Support and Intervention of the UN Resolution of 1653: If South Africa was to support intervention into Assadistan and the UN Resolution 1653. It would base this decision on the fact that as a state that upholds Human Rights as an inherent and innate part of its citizens. It cannot allow for human rights abuse to occur on the African continent. This stands in line with the values of organizations that South Africa is a part of

The South African Automotive Industry Essay

1477 words - 6 pages 01 January 2013,the South African automotive industry entered a period of volume-driven production support.Kehbila ,Ertel and Brent(2009:310) asserted that the industry is the prevalent manufacturing sector in South Africa. SUPPLY CHAIN CHALLENGES IN THE SOUTH AFRICAN AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY The automotive industry is critical to the South African economy and/or if figuratively put,the heartbeat of the South African economy. As the industry is big

The Rationalisation of the South African Society

923 words - 4 pages their time on the sun and moon’s position as well as seasons to allocate their time in regions and activities in order to conduct their livelihood (South Africa African Religions, 1996). However, in modern day society, owing to the clock invention, scheduled activities/events are precisely on the hour and minute (Macionis & Plummer, 2012: 123). Thus, modern society has allowed individuals to be more efficient, by limiting time constraints through

The Breaking Apart of South African Families

2635 words - 11 pages . With the mineral revolution, African men began to leave their families to go and work. From the beginning of European and African interaction in South Africa, the whites have been dependent on African labour, the mineral revolution merely intensified this. It also led to an agricultural revolution in order to feed the workers. African labour was cheaper than white labour and so they were desired by employers. This demand for cheap labour led to an

Nelson Mandela and the South African Apartheid

2275 words - 10 pages believed that his father agreed due to his immense respect for those who were educated although he was not. At the age of seven Mandela attended school for the first time. His teacher who adhered to British customs gave him a new English name on the first day of school “Miss Mdingane told me that my new name was Nelson”. Mandela recounts that during this time the British customs were imposed on African students because the British bias didn’t allow

The Effect the Protection of State Information Bill will have on South African Democracy if Passed

2312 words - 10 pages Africa: South African Government. SAHRC. (n.d.). About the SAHRC. Retrieved May 2, 2014, from South African Human Rights Commision: SAHRC. (2012, February 10). Submission to the D Hoc Committee on Protection of State Information Bill. South Africa: SAHRC. Turner, T. (2013, December 22). WHAT DOES THE FAX SAY? (North Korean Ylvis The Fox Parody Music Video HD). Retrieved May 4, 2014, from YouTube

The Effect the Protection of State Information Bill Will Have on South African Democracy if Passed

1584 words - 6 pages Introduction The Protection of State Information Bill is a controversial bill passed in early 2010 by the South African government, but was soon called back into analysis. Since then there have been consistent rumours about the bill being passed into law. There are numerous organisations opposed to this bill, and few people who would benefit from it, raising the question of if this bill would signal the end of democracy in South Africa

The Boer War and its Effects on the South African People

1028 words - 4 pages Nations constantly get put through tests and challenges. They can be as small and unaffecting, or they can be enormous and have physical and emotional injuries on the nation’s citizens. However, no matter the size, problems have consequences. The Boer War, a trifling affair that spans over a course of twenty-two years, 1880-1902, also known as the Transvaal War and the South African War, has good and bad everlasting effects on the people of

The Effects of Injustice, Corruption, and Crime Rates on South African People

2249 words - 9 pages Africa is a continent rich human and natural resources, yet a majority of its people lives in poverty (Carr). Located on the tip of southern Africa is the country of South Africa. South Africa, later known as the Republic of South Africa, is a country where the people repeatedly experienced injustice and corruption from their respective governments, the apartheid and the African National Congress. The apartheid system consists of all-white

The Tax Burden

1431 words - 6 pages companies, continued implementation of these provision may eventual lead to the collapse of the entire industry as it imposes huge tax burden on insurance companies to the extent that the premium income being paid by to arrange insurance contract is taxed. Section 14 of the act requires an insurance company other than a life insurance company shall be allowed as deductions from its premium the following reserves for tax purposes- “(a) for

The Burden of Intelligence

2433 words - 10 pages up later to avoid the distractions of day-dwellers, that is, they stay up later to concentrate. Staying up late on a regular basis, however, is extremely detrimental to the health. Those who do not go to bed at a “regular” time are three times more likely to suffer depression- even though they may receive the same amount of sleep as any other individual, a “study shows that even relatively subtle shifts in patterns of sleep seem to make a big

Similar Essays

South African Health Care System Essay

1689 words - 7 pages until 1994 to the majority of the population which is black. With a more humanitarian social system in place, the country is trying to overcome the difficulties of present time, which is even harder after half a century of destruction, diseases and fraudulent administration. On the other hand, Aids and violence are the leading indicators regarding mortality rates of the South African population. There were over twenty one thousand murders in 2002 and

Blacks And Whites: Separate And Unequal A Comparison Of The South African Apartheid System And America's Jim Crow Laws

1369 words - 5 pages segregated education for their children prompted thousands of African Americans to leave the South in the Jim Crow era. The Great Migration north took off in the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s, but many African Americans found that conditions in the North were not much better.As the Jim Crow Laws further promoted ignorance in the United States throughout the first half of the 20th century, an enhanced version of this system called the Apartheid was

The Burden On A Child Essay

1112 words - 5 pages A Cinderella – was she a really good girl? In my experience, she might have suffered from what is known as ‘Good Child Syndrome’ as I did. When I was young, life was a kind of burden. My mother was a teacher and she had wanted me to be a good child as her daughter. She didn’t ask me a lot but I tried to do better than her expectations to gain her affection. I had tried to become the so-called ‘model child’. I had a ton of work to do. I had to

Impacts Of Trade Unions On The South African Economy

2400 words - 10 pages economic growth and economic inclusion?” 1. Introduction Trade unions played an important role in South Africa’s transition from apartheid in 1994 and continue to play a very public role in the South African economy (STEENKAMP, 2005). COSATU (Congress of South African Trade Unions) is the main trade union in South Africa that has actively commented (criticized and commended) on the national budget after its release (COSATU press