The Mass Transit Authority (MTA) has had a big impact not only in the businesses of
New York, but in the history of the movement of the people and society of this great city.
There was not always a Mass Transit Authority in New York City, back in the 1820’s most if not
all New Yorkers traveled by horsepower. The transportation began with Omnibuses which were
oversized stagecoaches that ran on a fixed route, It was big enough to only seat fifteen
passengers but most of the time it was overcrowded with pedestrians. The driver would stop
when passengers pulled on a snag that was attached to his ankle. Later on the Horsecar was born,
This was a bigger version of the Omnibus and was ...view middle of the document...
As these vehicles became more advanced, so did the city of New York. By the year of 1868 the
first elevated train line was open to the public and was cable powered. They ran for a few
years until they were then replaced by steam powered locomotives in 1871. They were
designed to run three stories above city avenues, This new innovation in transportation
changed the way New Yorkers viewed the city and lived their own lives. By 1903
Steam became electric to provide customers with a smoother and safer ride, these
elevated trains started a new way of life that people in the currently take for granted.
People now became able to work, shop, associate and even live in other parts of the city,
and also be able to communicate and see new parts that in the past they may have been
restricted to not seeing based on travel. In 1905 New York became the first city to use motorized
public transportation. It was huge advancement for the economy and the people of the city.
Businesses would also receive the benefit as with motors came speed and more can be done
quicker. These Motorbuses would replace all previous forms of public travel for all citizens of
New York City, and would pave the way for travel in the future of the United States.
The beginning of the underground travel started in early 1900 when the brainchild
of another way to commute was being born. The IRT (Interborough Rapid Transit Company)
had constructed a underground subway system and within four years, over 100,000 New Yorkers
were being taken around New York City a day. The combination of all these new vehicles for
public travel were amazing for people and very beneficial to businesses. Businesses thrived on
the revenue that the travels would bring them as people would now be able to go to other
boroughs and be able to see and buy things that they may not have been able to do in the past.
As the idea was raised to build through all of New York not just bits and pieces of it, other help
was needed and that’s when other organizations like the IND (Independent Subway System) had
helped expand the subway lines of the Bronx, Brooklyn, and Queens. This was great for all
businesses of New York City as even more revenue and more customers would come.
There were even plans to expand through Staten Island but that never happened, Even
though the MTA is in only 4 of the 5 boroughs of New York City it still supports over
five million passengers every day with 26 train lines operating on over 800 miles of track.
Staten Island did end up building its own railway called the Staten Island railway, Also
the emergence of the LIRR ( Long Island Rail Road) which links New York to Boston.
The Impact of business for all of these vehicles of travel for New Yorkers or tourists is
monumental and essential for the essence of this city, and for the future representation
of New York City.
New York City would progress later into the 1900s and with the help of...