This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Byzantine Empire: A World Away From Rome

1103 words - 4 pages

The world was rapidly shifting into a period of wealth, and art where the finer things in life could be enjoyed and craftsmanship would be perfected. A few proclaim that the Roman’s engineering feats can be seen in Byzantine architecture, however, because the Byzantine empire was the leader in this transition into prosperity changing the face of religion, recreating Rome’s land and capitals, and finally changing the government and legal system, in this manner the Byzantine empire demonstrates how Justinian created a new empire, different from that of the Romans.
A notable difference between the Roman and Byzantine empires was the religion and it’s influence. Unlike Rome’s polytheistic religion, Byzantine’s faith was rooted in christianity. Considered the most inspired and magnificent cathedral of its time, The Hagia Sophia Catherdal stood proudly in the Capital of Constantinople. The cathedral collapsed due to frequent earthquakes and its instability but was quickly rebuilt, restoring and even improving The Hagia’s grandeur. The presence of God was very strong when discussing the cathedral, as can be seen in document 4 written by Procopius in 537 “… And whenever anyone enters this church to pray, he understand at once that it is not by any human strength or skill, but by the influence of God, that this work has been perfected.” In comparison to the Romans, whom attributed every achievement of theirs to themselves, the Byzantines gave majority of the credit to God. This example not only show’s the heavy influence God held, but also the change from a polytheistic religion to a monotheistic religion. However, perhaps the most monumental difference between Roman and Byzantine religions were that Byzantine, unlike the Western Catholic church, was Eastern Orthodox. The two disputed the dating of easter as well as whom ruled whom. The Pope was regional to the west, and the Patriarchs held power in Byzantium. The Patriarch was always appointed by the emperor, giving a clear ruling order among officials. The western part of Rome, however, disputed whether the Pope held greater power than the king, thus separating Byzantium from their predecessors Rome. In this regard, Byzantine was a new empire entirely different from that of Rome.
Religion aside, the lands of Byzantine were starkly different from that of Rome. As depicted in document 3, Justinian moved Byzantine much farther east than Rome, adding on Greek city states and forming an empire. Whereas the Roman empire gained their land by conquering preexisting communities. In addition, the land of Byzantium was much more condensed then the sprawling nature of Rome, staying strategically on the coast of the Mediterranean. This helped Byzantium remain in control and defeat any attacking enemies . The eastern provinces were also much richer than those of the west, adding to the reasons why Constantine changed the capital to what would later be named Constantinople. This change in capitals is...

Find Another Essay On The Byzantine Empire: A World Away from Rome

Justinian and The Byzantine Empire Essay

2225 words - 9 pages Justinian was one of the most influential rulers of Byzantium. When he came into power in 527 AD, he inherited a civilization in disarray. Justinian had a positive impact on the Byzantine Empire. Most notably, he introduced an improved set of laws and conquered many surrounding nations, nearly restoring the former glory of the Roman Empire. In addition to these contributions, Justinian also made advances with the Christian Church and

Rome from state to empire Essay

780 words - 3 pages to direct conflict with the great Mediterranean power of the west, Carthage. This would result in the first Punic war, which would last from 265 to 241 B.C. This was a costly, long, bloody war that Rome would win through persistence. The war quickly turned into a war at sea; Rome had little experience in sea warfare. However, Rome had found a wrecked Carthaginian warship and used it as a model to produce their navy. Rome quickly came up with ways

The Byzantine Empire and the Islamic Caliphate

1467 words - 6 pages its predecessor of Rome in its strict policies. This influence impacted how the economy of Byzantine developed. From an agricultural aspect, large-landed estates still existed and flourished. The demand for large amounts of cheap produce was still there as well as the desire for much money off the produce. The Islamic Caliphates sought a different route to making money. The government allowed the little farmers flourish and make a living for

The Fall of the Byzantine Empire

1093 words - 4 pages church with Greek as its language, which was closely bound to the political world of Constinople. Soon after these crises, Justinian laid the foundation on which the Byzantine Empire would rest for nearly a century. Justinian was considered an ambitious and dynamic leader. He greatly expanded the empires territory by conquering the southern Levant, northern Africa, and Italy, in an effort to recreate the area of the old Roman Empire. Justinian's

Belisarius: The Defender of the Byzantine Empire

1072 words - 5 pages Flavius Belisarius (505-565 CE), a Byzantine general under Justinian I, succeeded in winning countless victories and notably expanded the Byzantine Empire. Despite the fact that he was a successful, advanced leader, Belisarius ended his life shunned from the public. Flavius Belisarius was born in Germania, Illyria in 505 CE. Very little is known about his ethnic background, but some traditions say he was of Slavic background (Barker 1

Christianity Creates Unity in the Byzantine Empire

617 words - 3 pages Church largely exists today. In the early seventh century A.D., Muhammad began to attract a group of followers in the Arabian Peninsula around Mecca. These followers believed that Muhammad was receiving revelations from God. Muhammad had established the new religion of Islam, but he had also established the foundation of a political force in close proximity to the Byzantine Empire. Even though the Arabs and Islam took over almost all ends of the world, the Byzantine Empire was a barrier between Christianity and Islam. Through their battles, the Byzantines believed their victories were granted by God.

Rome and the Roman Empire

2580 words - 10 pages Rome and the Roman Empire      As the story goes, Rome was founded by a pair of feuding brothers who were allegedly raised by wolves. Romulus and Remus. From that point on, the Roman Empire would play a pivotal role in the development of both Eastern and Western society alike. Its influence can still be noticed. The Empire bought us such inventions as aqueducts, elevators, and innovations like urban planning. This essay will discuss the

Flavius Belisarius: The Defender of the Byzantine Empire

1425 words - 6 pages Flavius Belisarius (505-565 CE), a Byzantine general under Justinian I, succeeded in winning countless victories and notably expanded and defended the Byzantine Empire. Despite the fact that he was a successful, advanced leader, Belisarius tragically ended his life shunned from the public. Flavius Belisarius was born in Germania, Illyria in 505 CE. Very little is known about his ethnic background, but some historians say he was of Slavic

Byzantine Empire Timeline with pictures. Accomplishments and how the Byzantine Empire came about. - Stafford High School 2019 - Assignment

531 words - 3 pages in 313 CE, Constantine challenged and ultimately defeated him at the Battle of Chrysopolis, thereby reuniting the empire. Constantine was unsure where to locate his new capital. He decided it was best to locate his new city at the site of old Byzantium, claiming it to be a New Rome. 2. The empire is split in half- The Roman Empire grew to be huge.  It covered most of Europe, North Africa, and parts of Asia.  Just getting messages from Rome to the

The Transition between Rome the Republic and Rome the Empire

608 words - 2 pages political murder in Roman history, is important because it leads to a series of assassinations for political issues. Also, another event that leads Rome to become an Empire is the weakening of the government officials. Marius, from the Populare Movement, creates a volunteer army, and because he trains the military himself, his army is loyal to him and not the Republic. In addition, this made Marius more powerful than the Senate, taking away authority

Away From the Nest

890 words - 4 pages how would that affect my self dependence. Parents often worry about their child leaving to go away for school because of the danger that can happen, but there are many profitable experiences and opportunities that one can gain from going overseas for a university education for instance becoming independent, learning and experiencing different societies, and educational opportunities that might not be available in the Cayman Islands. Becoming

Similar Essays

Rome Vs. Byzantine Empire Compare And Contrast

1753 words - 7 pages After the collapse of the Roman Empire in 476 C.E., much of the Mediterranean basin was in disorder with no leadership. Germanic tribes from the north had conquered the last emperor and claimed the land their own. But in the east, a new empire was blooming, the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantine Empire was both similar and different from the previous Roman Empire, and its greatest ruler, Justinian, made it his main ambition to regain the lost

The Byzantine Empire Essay

1181 words - 5 pages The Byzantine EmpireThe Byzantine Empire, the survivor of the Roman empire, flourished into the oldest and longest lasting empire in our history. It began with Constantine the Great's triumph of Christianity. He then transferred his capital from Rome to the refounded Byzantium in the early 4th century, year 330 AD, and named it Constantinople after himself. This city became the surviving safe spot after the breakup of the Western Roman empire by

The Byzantine Empire Essay

1934 words - 8 pages that caused the civilization to be the intriguing society that it was. Politics were essential to the rise of the Byzantine Empire. The political structure was like that of the Romans and created much success for the Empire during its peak. Byzantium was a civilization with an economy that was successful and established around the world. The economy of the Byzantine Empire was largely assisted by trade and agriculture. Lastly, the social aspects

The Byzantine Empire Essay

6735 words - 27 pages , Henry's brother Philip of Swabia was married to Irene, the daughter of the now-deposed Isaac II, giving Henry a second claim and reason to invade. Henry's grand plan was to invade and conquer the Byzantine Empire, then use that as a launching ground for a crusade to the Holy Land. He was claiming that as the heir to the Roman Empire at Rome, his imperial title was superior to the Greek title. The kings of Cyprus and Cilicia were already recognizing