The novella The Call of the Wild is a story of Buck overcoming challenges while being thrown into the real world and learning new traits like persistence and resilience. Protagonist Buck is a colossal St Bernards cross Scotch shepherd dog, transforms from a humble house dog and then eventually returns to a primordial state as a best of the wild. Along the way he is faced with an endless array of challenges. London achieves this by portraying Buck’s change in character in a manner that explores and incorporates diverse motifs.
Throughout the novella London uses various figurative language techniques to portray Buck’s gain of knowledge of the wild. From the beginning of the novella Buck’s life is easy and calm, then when he is forced to become a sled dog he is disorientated and is confused to what is happening. He progressively learns more things about the real world and starts to understand it. At the start of the ...view middle of the document...
”. Buck progresses from a tame house dog to a wild beast, taking steps along the way, overcoming challenges. He overcomes the challenge of the overwhelming wild and masters his environment.
Spitz, a mean ruthless dog, is bulling Buck and the other sled dogs into doing what he wants them to do, Buck builds up the courage to face Spitz. Buck returns to a primitive state and lashes out like the beast within him to teach Spitz a lesson. When Buck first meats Spitz he doesn’t have the strength to face him but eventually Buck shows his cunning, London demonstrates Buck’s hatred for Spitz when he writes "But when he was at last unearthed, and Spitz flew at him to punish him, Buck flew, with equal rage, in between.”. London demonstrates that Buck isn’t giving up without a fight and by using his head he can win, this is show when he writes "He fought by instinct, but he could fight by head as well.”. London uses short sentences to communicate that the fight is serious, this is demonstrated when he writes "In a flash Buck knew it. The time had come. It was to the death.”. Similes are used to describe how much Buck hates being thrown into the real world so suddenly. This is demonstrated when London writes "Buck's first day on the Dyea beach was like a nightmare.”. Buck gains knowledge and understanding of how the wild works throughout the novella until he returns to his primeval state and is free. From the beginning of the novella Buck changes from a calm house dog to a aggressive wild beast at his primeval state.
Ultimately Buck significantly transforms from a tame house dog to a wild beast, adapting to his environment. London uses a diverse amount of literary techniques like figurative language and metaphors to portray how Buck overcomes challenges of the snowy northern regions. Near the conclusion of the novella Buck becomes a beast and is the king once again. The novel The Call of the Wild helps us to realise how easy it is for someone to change character and mind set. It also helps the reader to understand that there is a beast inside all of us and we can choose to show it or not and to be resilient.