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The Capital Punishment Debate Essay

1572 words - 6 pages

Capital Punishment, also known as the death penalty is a legal sentence for a criminal to be put to death. The Punishment is rising to a controversial topic and has led to a lot of heated debates. As of 2014, over 150 countries have abolished the death penalty and 40 others have not used it in recent years, although it is still legal. The death Penalty is mostly used in extreme cases of crime like rape or murder. The convicted criminals are mostly put to death in inhuman ways such as lethal injections or electric chairs. The execution can only take place after a proper legal trial and can only be used by the state. As versatile as humankind is, they invented the term “death penalty” to contrast with the sanctity of life. The topic should be viewed from many ethical perspectives such as utilitarianism and virtue Ethics. To expand furthermore, we could look at the religious perspectives of christianity, which juxtaposes itself and contrasts with its own ideas.

Utilitarianism, a theory that the aim of action should be the largest possible balance of pleasure over pain or the greatest happiness of the greatest number.This means a utilitarianist will reach extremes for the greater good of the majority of people involved. A Utilitarianism follows what is ethically right in the situation by considering the impact of the decision on the people involved. The Utilitarian perspective has a very clear view regarding the death penalty .Hypothetically,a utilitarist will definitely support the death penalty for various reasons. The major reason, the criminal being charged will still be a major threat to society and also an example to society. If the criminal has committed rape or murder, and has gotten away with his life, what is going to stop people on the verge of committing something similar? Criminals are a bad example to society and if a man has taken a life or violated somebody, is it morally right for them to be only charged with imprisonment. Should the man have the right to live after he has stolen the right from someone else? Even if the man is put away for life, it is still expensive to provide for him. On an average, 26.19 US Dollars are spent to keep an individual in jail. That adds up to a bit under 10,000 US Dollars per year, per prisoner.If so many resources are being wasted, execution would be a more efficient option. If more people are arrested, it only leads up to us paying more taxes and this would have a negative effect on society. It would not be for the greater good and people would be inclined to put the death penalty into action. Time and money is wasted on people who committed crimes in their healthy minds and were aware of the consequences. It is not right for them to be given a second chance and a utilitarian would consider it immoral,unethical and unresourceful to oppose the death penalty.

The contrasting ideology to challenge the thinking of an utilitarianists would be an deontologist. Deontological ethics or deontology...

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