Sigmund Freud is considered to be one of Psychology's most influential figures of all time. He is also considered to be one of the most controversial people of the twentieth century with his views on personality, sexuality, childhood, and therapy. He is best known for his views on sexuality and how they are directly related to ones pyschological processes.
Sigmund Freud was born May 6, 1856 in Freidberg, Morvavia (now the Czech Republic). His father was a merchant and his mother; which was his father's second wife. He had two half siblings that were about twenty years older than he was. He attended the University of Vienna and graduated in 1881 with a degree in medicine (www.nndb.com). While in medicine he befreinded Josef Breuer during his training. Josef Breuer was both a physician and a physiologist (www.nndb.com) and they often comparred thoughts on cases together. One in particular that had a lasting effect on Freud was about a patient named Anna O and she suffered from hysteria (now called conversion disorder) where she had temproary paralysis and anesthesia and nervous cough (www.psychology.about.com). Breuer discovered that if he could hypnotize her then she would be able to speak of things that she could not in her conscious state. Afterward her symptoms where relieved and this became known as the "talking cure" (www.pbs.org). Later he went to Paris to study under Jean Martin-Charcot a well known neurologist in Europe at the time (www.pbs.org). She was doing studies on hysteria and hypnosis and this influenced him to go into pyschopathology.
Sigmund Freud is the orginator of psycoanalysis which was Freud's way of thinking that people could be cured by making conscious their unconscious thoughts (www.simplypsychology.org). The overall aim of pyschoanalysis therapy would be to gain some form of insight and to release repressed emotions or past experiences. Freud's psychoanalysis is still being used today and is commonly used to treat depression and anxiety disorders.
Some more of Freud's work also includes his topographical model of the mind (1905), this is where he describes the mind's structure and its function. In Freud's model the conscious...