The setting of a story lays the foundation for how a story is constructed. It gives a sense of direction to where the climax is headed. The setting also gives the visual feedback that the readers need to picture themselves into the story and comprehend it better. Determining the setting can be a major element towards drawing in the reader and how they relate to a story. A minor change in the plot can drastically alter to perception, interpretation, and direction of the message that is delivered. These descriptive elements can be found within these short stories: “the Cask of Amontillado”, “The Storm”, “The Things They Carried”, “Everyday Use”, and “The Story of an Hour”.
In “The Cask of Amontillado”, Montresor made up in his mind that he would carry out his act of revenge on Fortunato. Whatever offense Fortunato committed against Montresor drove him to the brink. The hatred inside was somewhat poetic. Montresor schemed to every detail how to carry out his revenge. The setting of the story is a dark, gloomy night at a celebration during carnival season. Montresor would be detailed in describing the monetary status of his enemy, his wardrobe or costume he wore to the celebration. He would set the mood as cheerful. Despite the ill feelings he has towards the now drunken Fortunato, Montresor pretends to care for his company to lure him towards his cunning plan. He strokes Fortunato’s ego and his love for wine to draw him towards the cellar. The dark, damp halls, the claustrophobia, and the human skeletons lying about the earth were all a foreshadowing of Motresor’s plan for the drunken Fortunato. It enhanced suspense to the story, building up to the climax which would be Fortunato entering into his grave. As they further enter the halls the scene became darker, and the mood was no more cheerful but a thriller because Fortunato was clearly unaware of his doom. This created the situational irony needed to put the reader in the story. It’s the setting and the descriptive language that truly tells the story ending with Montresor layering a brick and mortar wall to cover the chained Fortunato.
In “The Things They Carried”, author uses vivid language to describe the scene of the men at war. In Vietnam these men were in the dark, murky villages and received fire left and right during the gunfights. The orange dust surrounded them. The soldiers had to deal with humid temperatures, including the monsoons they came about often. The stench of fungus and decay followed them everywhere they turn. Walking over dead bodies became the norm. The soldiers wandering aimlessly in this unfamiliar jungle helps the reader understand the misery that they had to endure.
Describing the front differences between Maggie and Dee in “Everyday Use” really set up the plot of the story. Breaking down how Maggie had burns and scar on her skin from when the house burn...