This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Caste System Of Ancient India

678 words - 3 pages

Class structure has been part of the entire world from the beginning of civilization to the present day. In the case of ancient India, class division was a severely enforced social classification system, but unlike other cultures around the word the Caste system of India would not only determined someone’s occupation and place in society, but also the “hope for the ultimate salvation”(Duiker & Spielvogel, 2010, p. 36).
Between 1500-1000 B.C.E. Indo-European people coming from what is now Siberia and Central Asia invaded India, the Aryans had lighter skin and a very strong set of class separations. With their arrival they noted that the Indian natives were mostly farmers and a less sophisticated kind of people. This apparent difference led the Aryans to set them aside as a lesser type of human. (Duiker & Spielvogel, 2010, p. 36)
The Caste system was a very important factor of the socio-economy in ancient India, but it was also a very important factor for their religion. The link between the Caste system and Hinduism is undoubtedly solid. Hinduism’s core is the circle of life and reincarnation, the rebirth into the next life which is determined by the person’s actions in the previous one (Dutt, 2000, p. 59). These believes tie effortlessly into the Caste system, if an individual was committed to living life according to the Hindus beliefs and the Indian social rules, this person would be granted the chance to obtain a better class position in the next life.
Varna was name of the separation of classes in India and it constituted of five major categories: the Brahman, the Kshatriya, the Vaisya, the Sudras and the Pariahs. The Brahman was the priests in charge of all spiritual activities and very powerful in society, they were at the top of all social classes. The Kshatriya was the warriors, administrators and political leaders; they were also at the top of the hierarchy. The third class was the Vaisya which was the farmers, peasants and artisans. All three classes shared the privilege of being ‘twice-born,’ the advantage of being pure Aryans (F. Max Mueller, 1879-1910). The Sudras was the fourth class; this group of...

Find Another Essay On The Caste System of Ancient India

The Caste System and Reincarnation’s Effect on Ancient Hinduism

828 words - 3 pages The caste system had a very huge impact on ancient Hinduism, as well as the belief of rebirth and karma. Without those convictions, Hinduism would not have been what it was. The caste system told the people what responsibility they had based on the caste they were born into. The idea of good karma leading to reincarnation or rebirth into a better caste was used to keep people in line while also telling them how to live. Every caste had a

Dalits or Untouchables in India´s Caste System

1044 words - 5 pages in 1950 that made the caste system illegal; additional laws were passed to give Untouchables other freedoms and legal aid (Kersey 2). Still, Untouchables remain incredibly poor, and they face persecution to this day (Kersey 1). Although the caste system in India was ended by law, life remains difficult for the country’s Untouchables. Even the everyday tasks of daily life are not easy for Dalits. Many women are forced to make long treks to get

The Effects of the Indian Caste System

1120 words - 4 pages , “the first man created, Purusa, is sacrificed in order to give rise to the four varnas. The Brahmin was his mouth, his two arms were made the Rajanya [Kshatriya, king and warrior], his two thighs [loins] the Vaishya, from his feet the Sudra [servile class] was born” (History of the Caste System in India). Although the Vedas has only spoken of four classes, the Indian culture has adapted one on its own. This class is called the untouchables. The

Caste System, The Scourge of Indian Civilization

2818 words - 11 pages of India, and to sects such as Sikhism and Arya Samaj in Punjab and Western Uttar Pradesh, was often motivated by a desire to shed the odium attached to being low. But the converts found that it was not at all easy to shake off their caste and that, in fact, they carried it with them to new faith or sect. Indian Islam and Christianity both bear the stamp of caste system; this is not to say, however, that the caste system among Indian Christians

The Caste System

623 words - 2 pages Caste System The conquest of India by the Aryans led to a set of social institutions and class divisions that has persisted with only minor changes down to the present day. This set of social institutions and class divisions is commonly known as the caste, or class, system. It emerged from the clash of cultures in ancient India and was based on the superiority of the invading peoples over their conquered subjects.In a sense, the clash of

The Indian Caste System

3076 words - 12 pages are black" (Huttton). In this essay I look at how the caste system existed in ancient India and how it currently exists in modern India. I will also try and explain how the caste system has evolved from its ancient ways and how it currently functions in modern India: for example, what sort of role it plays in India's politics and in government policies. I will also give my personal opinion on the Indian caste system.Of the many cultures that

The Spartan Caste System

1675 words - 7 pages The Spartan Caste System setup are the Helots who are slaves and laborers. The Perioeci who were neither slaves nor full citizens. The Spartriates were citizens and warriors. They are the cause of Sparta's fall because they didn't change the government and always being outnumbered. The government didn't change like the rest of the Greek city- states( McArver). The Spartriates were very arrogant because helots still has the ability to fight

Reinforcement of the Caste System in The Bhagavad Gita

968 words - 4 pages In The Bhagavad Gita there are many references to the caste system, or Varnas. It explains the way men and women of ancient India should act and behave according to Hinduism. Throughout the book there are many examples of the things Hindus are expected to do. These pieces of advice range from anything to the jobs certain people have to the way they are allowed to dress. The Varna is one of the earliest known mentions of a caste system, where

Impact Of British Colonialism on the Indian Caste System

2930 words - 12 pages The caste system in India is elaborately structured to have an Indian touch to it, clearly distinguishing it from social structures worldwide. Caste is a word often used to describe a cluster of people who have a specific rank in the society. Each caste system is elaborately crafted to suit the needs of the society and they vary from group to group; each has its own rules and customs. Different chaste systems are planned in a

Mass incarceration of African Americans, The Revised Caste System

2070 words - 9 pages slavery, whites created Whites in the southern states enacted the Black Codes. Black Codes were thought to uphold a social caste system, reflecting the racial hierarchy of slavery. Slavery was abolished, however it still serves as a form of punishment for those found guilty of a crime. In the Thirteenth Amendment (1865) lies a description of the policy: “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the

The Varna System or Caste System

3032 words - 13 pages references point out that the varnas were designated to a person based on one’s aptitude, quality, mental state and characteristic. Although birth or parentage may have played an important role in the later times, the original system seems to be based on quality of a person rather than on birth alone. Even when the varna was ascribed based on birth; there are a number of examples from history of ancient India to demonstrate the flexibility and mobility

Similar Essays

The History Of Caste System In India

973 words - 4 pages The caste system in India originated about 2,000 years ago. “Caste”, is a representation of a large-scale kinship that is based on a stratified system of hierarchy. This system is mainly adapted among the Hindu society in India, which is divided into four “varnas”. Rita Jalali describes that the varnas are, “ranked categories characterized by differential access to spiritual and material privileges” (Jalali 249). Each social class has different

Exploring The Hindu Caste System Of India

2803 words - 11 pages around the caste system are based on religious context, hierarchies, professions, and wealth. In all of these there are rules and there are traditions, but they are just looking at the idea of social stratification under a magnifying glass. Today India modernizes yet stays strong with past traditions. Works Cited Blackwell, Amy Hackney. "jati." In World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2004-. Accessed May 6, 2015. http

The Caste System In India Essay

1259 words - 5 pages PAGE WANG PAGE 2 The untouchables and the Caste System in IndiabyHong LiAsian HUM 2410Prof. Ed FrameSeptember 30, 2014IntroductionAt all times and in every society there are certain disadvantaged groups. They lag behind the mainstream of the society due to one reason or the other. In ancient India there developed a social system in which people were divided into separate close communities. These communities are known in English as 'caste'. The

Caste System In India Essay

1726 words - 7 pages In each society, there are different types of rules and ideologies that are used in order to help govern its people. Within these communities, these rules create a social hierarchy developed through a ranked system based on either economic value or religious beliefs. A type of ranked system that most people are familiar with is the Caste System in India, which is a system of classification in a society based on birth. This complex social