Class structure has been part of the entire world from the beginning of civilization to the present day. In the case of ancient India, class division was a severely enforced social classification system, but unlike other cultures around the word the Caste system of India would not only determined someone’s occupation and place in society, but also the “hope for the ultimate salvation”(Duiker & Spielvogel, 2010, p. 36).
Between 1500-1000 B.C.E. Indo-European people coming from what is now Siberia and Central Asia invaded India, the Aryans had lighter skin and a very strong set of class separations. With their arrival they noted that the Indian natives were mostly farmers and a less sophisticated kind of people. This apparent difference led the Aryans to set them aside as a lesser type of human. (Duiker & Spielvogel, 2010, p. 36)
The Caste system was a very important factor of the socio-economy in ancient India, but it was also a very important factor for their religion. The link between the Caste system and Hinduism is undoubtedly solid. Hinduism’s core is the circle of life and reincarnation, the rebirth into the next life which is determined by the person’s actions in the previous one (Dutt, 2000, p. 59). These believes tie effortlessly into the Caste system, if an individual was committed to living life according to the Hindus beliefs and the Indian social rules, this person would be granted the chance to obtain a better class position in the next life.
Varna was name of the separation of classes in India and it constituted of five major categories: the Brahman, the Kshatriya, the Vaisya, the Sudras and the Pariahs. The Brahman was the priests in charge of all spiritual activities and very powerful in society, they were at the top of all social classes. The Kshatriya was the warriors, administrators and political leaders; they were also at the top of the hierarchy. The third class was the Vaisya which was the farmers, peasants and artisans. All three classes shared the privilege of being ‘twice-born,’ the advantage of being pure Aryans (F. Max Mueller, 1879-1910). The Sudras was the fourth class; this group of...