The Cause And Effect Of The Dust Bowl

869 words - 3 pages

In the 1930s the dust bowl wreaked havoc in the Great Plains during the depression. This disaster was the result of farmers overworking the land combined with the drought, and high winds. The drought was caused by the ocean’s temperature constantly changing. The high winds added to the existing damage as it generated severe dust storms. The dust bowl was an exhausting and shattering disaster for the people of the Great Plains, which resulted in death and destruction, environmental damage, and economic loss.
The enormous amount of dust coupled with the high winds created “choking storms” that suffocated people and livestock. This created the disease commonly known as “dust pneumonia,” which became a typical illness amongst the people of the affected areas. The deaths caused by the dust bowl accumulated up to about 7,000. Due to the scattered population throughout the region and inaccurate documentations, the number of the deceased is not exact.
Furthermore, the destruction was devastating to the farmlands. According to Worster, about 100 acres of land was covered by the dust bowl, and nearly 850 million tons of topsoil was lost (para. 1). Homes, wagons, transportation, and personal properties drowned in the dust, dirt and sand. The farmlands suffered from extensive agricultural carnage, and can no longer grow the same amount of crops.
Severe dust storm invaded the Great Plains. These storms caused the skies to darken severely and making it hard to see, and also made the air difficult to breathe with the thick dust surrounding the area. In addition to the dust polluting the air, it also contaminated the water. The environmental damages lead to people being emotionally strained. Rees reports, as a result to the stress, suicides, beatings, and murders increased in numbers (Para. 75).
Environmental damage was not only caused by weather, but also by the farmers themselves. Farmers managed the fields without much thought or technique. The misuse of the land had dried out the remaining soil and turned it into dust. Considering the fact that there weren’t any techniques to prevent erosion, the grass that kept soil and moisture in place during times of drought and high winds were overturned by the farmer and their harsh approach to farming. Inevitably, the crops began to die by the loss of nutrients in the soil, and ruthless weather conditions.
Inhabitants of the Great Plains were struck with grief as the drought was prolonged for years and years. As Worster confirms, the withered and bare lands that were due to the lack of rain or ground water, were not usable to farmers...

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