The Cause of World War I
I Feel that there many reasons for the start of the First World War and not just one, I think it’s a bit more complicated than that. I have put them into six categories but could be split into more if necessary. All the categories concern the main powers of Europe. The war was mainly started by feuds between the powers.
There are alliances between the powers, ‘ The Triple Alliance, ’ which contained: Germany, Austria and Italy. ‘ The Triple Entente, ’ which contained: Great Britain, Russia and France. The trigger to the war I feel was the Franz Ferdinand incident. Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austrian-Hungry throne, on the 28th of June 1914 was attempted to be assassinated. The incident happened when a grenade hit his car, injuring an officer. Later on that day on his way to visit the officer in hospital, his driver took a wrong tern straight past Principe of the ‘Black Hand’ movement, who killed the Archduke and his wife.
The next event in the chain was that because the Serbs want there people freed they cause up roar, as they are a Nationalist group. Serbia was commanding that they handed over Bosnia. Austria-Hungry after the Archduke being killed feel that they have to go to war with Serbia, but don’t want to as they know that if they do Russia will get involved, as there so many Slavs in Russia. Austria-Hungry go to Germany to ask for there backing in the war. On the 23rd of July, knowing that they will have Germanys backing, send a list of demands to Serbia knowing it will be turned down. On the 28th July the Keizer gives his full backing to the war and gives orders to attack ’straight away’. On the 1st of August; Germany decides to go to war with Russia, as the Triple Alliance had required of them.
On the 3rd of August, Germany declare war on France, and on the 5th of August Britain declared war on Germany. The First World War had started. This was not really the only reasons why France and Britain wanted to go to war with Germany, there are quite a few reason why. The Main reason why was the Franco-Prussian war. In July 1870, France declared war on Prussia in part over a disagreement about a Prussian prince accepting the crown of Spain. By September 1870, a French army had been defeated, Emperor Napoleon III captured at Sedan, France declared a republic, and Paris under siege. In January 1871, Wilhelm I of Prussia was crowned Kaiser Wilhelm I of a unified Germany at Versailles, Paris fell, and France surrendered, losing Alsace and Lorraine and forced to pay huge compensation. Otto von Bismarck, Chancellor of Prussia since 1862, and now Germany, wanted to keep France isolated to prevent the recovery of Alsace and Lorraine.