Suicide is a critical social problem in this day and age. According to Kutcher and Magdalena (2008), one of the top three causes of death among people from 15 to 34 years old is suicide. In America, suicide is the third killer to the high school youths between the age of 15 to 19 (Lieberman & Cowan, 2011). Suicide defined as a person who end the life in the way of purposely instantly, and deliriously which consider to be self-inflicted death (Comer, 2004). In general, there are six factors that cause teenagers involve in suicide that are depressed, family factor, a trend toward the youth, effect of parental suicide, bullying, and impulsive behavior (refer to Figure 1 in Appendix 1).
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According to Cutler, Glaeser, and Norberg (2001), the youth suicide rate are closely related to the parents' divorce rate in a country or state. The higher the rate of parental divorce, the higher the rate of children committing suicide. According to Cutler et al. (2001), the single parent (never married) and divorced-parent, no matter remarried or not, push the youth to suicide. In other words, the youth who live with a single-parent, divorced-single-parent or stepparents has a higher suicide rate than the normal family. Besides, Gathura (2013) reported that the youth who engage in suicide are usually receiving a poor parenting style from the parents.
In addition, commit suicide consider as a trend towards youth. According to Bandura (1971), people learn something new with their own experience or by viewing the other people's action to perform a new pattern of behavior. Some of the teenagers are just observed what the peers doing and follow the step by knowing nothing about it. The adolescents are more possible to committing a suicide when there are the other adolescents who have attempted it (Cutler et al. 2001). According to Cutler et al. (2001), suicide are not only spread among the youth in a certain local area, suicide are also spillover from an area to the other places.
The next reason of suicide among teenager is the effect of parental suicide on the surviving children. Suicide is deeply affecting the surviving family and also has a great influence on survivors’ socioculture environment, with reverberation across many generations (Campbell, 1997; Jordan, 2001). Additionally, suicide also ends up with long-term negative influence towards the teenager who facing the parental suicide. Based on the study of Tam, Lee, Har, and Chan (2011),
considerable dysfunction in all family systems prior to the suicide and the very damaging consequences for children and family systems following parental suicide. Because the trauma of suicide impacted on the whole family, the bereaved child was left largely unsupported and uninformed. (p. 629)
Brent, Bridge, Johnson and Connolly reported that (as cited in Tam, Lee, Har, & Chan, 2011, p. 618) the close relatives of suicide...