The Causes Of The Collapse Of The Ussr

2179 words - 9 pages

The Causes of the Collapse of the USSR Works Cited Not Included Although its demise occurred in the very latter part of the 20th
century, USSR could have just as easily imploded much earlier. Its
collapse did not occur due to immediate events changes, but rather,
its collapse was rooted within the fundamental constitiution of its
socialist system and the impossibility of ultimate success. The
implotion of communist Russia “was triggered not by military pressure
but by Communist ideology.” (2) It occurred due to the inheriate
incapibility of socialism to sufficiently maintain a productive and
prosperous economy in the face of a rapidly changing form of
capitalism. After WWII, the world saw a change in modern capitalism
that proved both successful and popular. In the face of this surgent
prosperity, USSR’s economy found itself unproductive and wholly
lagging western growth. Behind this backdrop occurred the realization
of the need to reform and revitalize socialism within USSR. The
attempt called for the allowance of liberal institutions and
participation within the free market, but only to the extent of not
compromising socialist principles. This paradoxical contradiction,
however, had dire consequences and proved to be the final undoing of
the Soviet Union, as the democritazion and liberalization of Soviet
society perpetuated the popularity and acceptance of full
participation in capitalism and ultimately, the collapse of the Soviet
Union.

During the years up World War II, Stalin was able to industrialize
Russia and make it an economically viable nation. The war and its
aftermath, however, was a defining moment for the USSR. With the war
won, the USSR began a long and slow economic decent. The war had
given USSR’s economy incentive to be innovative and therefore
competitive. But by winning the war, USSR had no “necessity or desire
to change fundamentally to compete in the transformed post-war
international context” and therefore “doomed itself”(23). The Soviet
economy, whose industry began to stagnate and was nortorious for its
poor quality, experianced economic growth at 2 percent (26). The
foundation of the economy, its industrial centres, soon became
outdated and inefficent.

At the same time, post-war capitalism in the west was going through a
period of change that would result in great economic prosperity.
Prior to WWII, capitalism, because it was seen as the cause of evils
such as WWI, imperialism, and the Great Depression, lost some of its
acctractiveness. Within this...

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