This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Causes Of The Russian Revolution In 1917

2651 words - 11 pages

The Tsar was forced to abdicate in February 1917, bringing an end to the Tsarist system of government in Russia. A system much like the ancien regime in France, that lasted centuries, was replaced by a Provisional Government led by Prince Lvov and predominantly by liberals, and shortly after the Bolsheviks seized power. The causes of the tsarist system's collapse are numerous and, as always in History, cannot be explained by one event in particular. However it is clear that the political and economic situations as well as the social and military situation are the main reasons of this Revolution. In this essay I will analyse in detail the reasons why the 1917 Russian Revolution broke out and look at the various events which led to it.Firstly, the causes of this Revolution could be divided in two parts. The first one is the situation after the 1905 Revolution and the second one is the beginning of the First World War and the situation in 1914 and after.Indeed, there was quite a considerable amount of unrest during the period leading up to the World War, in relation to Russia's social, economic, military, and political situation, illustrated namely by the 1905 revolution. The economic boom due to industrialisation in the last decade of the 19th century meant that the number of industrial workers increased by a million and the cities were flooded with factory workers. Russian cities had not been prepared for such vast numbers, and workers were forced to live in terrible slums. Their working conditions added to their growing discontent and in 1905 factory workers organised many strikes in order to obtain reduced working hours and better wages. The peasantry was living in a similar period of crisis. Rising taxes, increasing debts and inadequate resources brought about in part by industrialisation, saw the majority of peasants' living standards fall significantly. They were overburdened and the famines at the turn of the century worsened the plight of an already desperate peasantry. The increasing amount of discontent from the working class created a sense of instability and when the 1905 revolution broke out, Karl Marx, who had said in the 1850s that the working classes would come together and rise against their autocratic governments in order to overthrow them, seemed to be quite correct.Industrialisation seemed to provide many opponents to the Tsar. In addition to the industrial workers and the peasants, there were the Zemstvos, usually members of the educated Russian middle class, who were liberals with moderate ideas and grievances. The period of the countries industrialisation brought increased contact with western ideas on society and politics. The Zemstvos discussed Russia's political future and were indeed also know as the "Westernisers", evidently based on their desire to bring western ways of governing to a regime which they believed was lagging politically and therefore socially. The Zemstvos had plans for a national assembly and civil...

Find Another Essay On The Causes of the Russian Revolution in 1917

Causes of the Russian Revolution Essay

752 words - 3 pages don't fit in. The Tsar was a good husband and father, but he was never a good leader. He lacked the experience of controlling a nation as huge as Russia, but he has the determination of keeping his throne. The Tsar and the Tsarina have two weaknesses which was one of the causes of the Russian Revolution. The Tsar would do anything to keep his throne and the Tsarina would do anything to save her son. Rasputin stopped the Tsarina's son from bleeding

Russian Revolution of 1917 Essay

1379 words - 6 pages A great struggle went on in Russia in the early 1900s. The Russian people were being oppressed by the Czarist government, just as African-Americans in the early 20th century were being oppressed by segregation. Just as Martin Luther King Jr. had a dream, the Russian people dreamed of revolution. One day they might be able to own their own farms and their own cows. They had a chance to make all this happen one day. The city of Petrograd burst

The causes and results until the end of 1917, of the first revolution 1917 in Russia

774 words - 3 pages This essay is to determine and discuss the value of different happenings and events resulting to the February revolution in Russia. Also the effects will be handled, but only up till the end of the year 1917.In order to understand the need for revolution, you have to understand what the situation was like. It wasn't a question of a small group lacking support for the Tsar, or a couple of bad harvests. The causes for the revolution are rooted

A Time of Change: The Russian Revolution of 1917

1214 words - 5 pages Social revolts and an economic decline caused the Russian Revolution of 1917, which in turn caused Russia to experience major political and social changes. The common people of Russia, prior to the revolution, were extremely poor (Harvey 4). The government was said to be unfair by the majority of people and everyone seemed to have different ideas on how to make the country and its government work for everyone (Cash 51). The people brought this

The Fundamental Causes of the Russian Revolution

1652 words - 7 pages The Fundamental Causes of the Russian Revolution The fundamental causes of the Russian Revolution were the direct consequence of a dreadfully long period of suppression of the Russian people combined with a prolonged instability of the Russian government. For centuries, czarist regimes forced their strict demands upon the populace by exerting their unilateral power, with no moral consideration for human life or freedom. At the same

The Causes of the Russian Revolution

728 words - 3 pages The Russian Revolution in 1905 was important in Russian History. The Economic problems, the Russo-Japanese war, and problems with the Czar Nicholas II were the major causes of the Russian Revolution.After the Russo-Japanese War ended, economic problems in Russia started to kick in. The Russian armies suffered a number of defeats in the battlefields because they were poorly trained, badly-armed, and ill-equipped. The food supply decreased and the

How and why did the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the US entry in World War

1222 words - 5 pages involved but in general there were three main reasons why it ended the war and why it turned the course of the war; US entry in war generally made the war finish earlier, Germany isolation in war also made the war earlier and Russian Revolution made the turning point in the course of war.The first major reason that affected the end of war was US entry. But first we should think why US got involved in the war. There are two major points why the US

Long and short-term causes that contributed to the 1917 Russian Revolution

2470 words - 10 pages 1917 revolution. There were many long term causes such as the Nicholas personal ruling style, the Russian economy, and general feeling of discontent, but ulitimaly the outbreak of revolution was the caused by Russia entering World War I.Nicholas was a weak and incompetent ruler. He allowed himself to be influenced by people who did not want any changes to take place in Russia. In Russia there were huge differences between the rich and the poor

What Were The Main Causes Of The Revolution In March 1917 In Russia

2440 words - 10 pages What were the main causes of the revolution in March 1917? The revolution of March 1917 wasn't just a sudden event that happened and was planned over night, there were many causes, long and short term that finally brought out the peoples strength.There were many long-term reasons for the Russian people being dissatisfied. The people weren't being governed properly. This was because Russia was full of many different races and social classes and

1917 Russian Revolution Essay

1255 words - 5 pages Russian Revolution Essay. Throughout history there have been many revolutions between the population of a country and its government. People always want change, usually in the directions of freedom, peace and equality and in the lead up to the 1917 Russian revolution; there were a variety of social, political and economic situations that all played their part. In the years leading up to the revolution, Russia had been involved in a series of

The Russian Revolution: To what extent was powerful revolutionary leadership and clear revolutionary ideas the reason for the successful Bolshevik revolution in October 1917?

1703 words - 7 pages The powerful leadership and ideas of the Bolshevik party were the foundation that helped them to successfully achieve the 1917 Russian Revolution. The Revolution remained in Russia because the ideology was aimed at the demands of the Russian workers and peasants. There was also a void in the government that needed to be filled and this made Russian vulnerable to Revolution. "The Tsar was replaced by an autocratic, oppressive bureaucratic and

Similar Essays

The Causes Of The Russian Revolution In March 1917

1336 words - 5 pages The Causes of the Russian Revolution in March 1917 There were many causes to explain the outbreak of the Russian Revolution in March 1917. Some of these can be defined as long term causes as their origin goes way back to pre-revolutionary times. Others are short-term reasons or even immediate effects, which act as the last spark, to bring the tense situation out of control. In this essay I will be looking at some of

The Beginning Causes Of The Russian Revolution Of 1917

578 words - 2 pages The Russian Revolution of 1917 is a collective term for two so-called revolutions—one in February and one in October—that occurred in Russia in 1917, which dismantled the Tsarist autocratic regime and led to the creation of the Soviet Union and, ultimately, several decades of communist dominance. While the world “revolution” is often used to encompass events in both February and October in 1917, only the first actually merits the name. The

The Russian Revolution Of 1917 Essay

1213 words - 5 pages substitution of another by the governed .Activity or movement designed to affect fundamental changes in the socioeconomic situation (Webster Dictionary).”One revolution that is said to have inspired communism was the Russian Revolutions of 1917. A communist revolution is inspired by ideas of Marxism whose main purpose is to replace capitalism with communism also considered socialism. “Marxists believe that the workers of the world must unite and

Causes Of The Russian Revolution Essay

984 words - 4 pages Causes of the Russian Revolution Consider the following causes of the October 1917 Russian Revolution: Poor Living and Working Conditions Effects of the First World War The Appeal of Lenin and the Bolsheviks The Limitations of the 1917 Provisional Government Was any one of these causes more important than the others to the Bolsheviks’ seizure of power in 1917? Explain your answer. A1