The Causes of the Cold War
The major world powers named the international confrontation that took
place between 1941 and 1991 as the Cold War. The Cold War was so named
as there was no military conflict that caused an actual engagement.
The United States having military victory at the end of the Second
World War ensured that they would lead the European and other States.
Giving them foremost position in a world context and leaving the
Soviet Union with the remaining sphere of influence in the global
power vacuum caused by the Second World War.
The Cold War was different and unlike any other hostile international
confrontation that had occurred before. It had no clear instigators or
open physical hostilities and each party claimed the other was the
real provoker and they clearly exclaimed that they were only defending
their national security interests from the instigators hostile
Because of the disagreements between the parties of who started the
war it led to several schools of thought and explanations. There was
no clear agreement on the causes of the Cold War in the early days of
the historical analysis of the confrontation.
Analysis fell into a number of defined groups these are their views
The Orthodox Historians believe the conflict originated from the
Soviet Union and was caused by Russian expansionism; this also
coincides with Marxist/Leninist ideology, which encourages the world
victory of Socialism over Capitalism. A lot of the evidence to support
this view comes from the influence of George. F. Kennan’s telegram
from 22 February 1946. Kennan was very much against communism and
was intimately involved with the USSR who he believed, were intent on
expanding their communist influences into neighbouring states, which
would help alleviate their long held national insecurity and thus,
eventually creating a world that was friendly to Russian interests and
concern. Kennan thought the Soviet Government were very hostile
towards western interest and expansionist to the point of eventually
reaching world domination. Because of Kennan’s strong beliefs he
advocated the termination of any attempt at amiable relations with the
USSR. However, he also abandoned any ideas of hostile conflict and was
in favour of adopting a policy of containment. In Kennan’s famous Mr.
X article  he exclaimed that the U.S “Must continue to regard the
Soviet Union as a rival, not a partner” and that the Soviet’s Policies
“Will reflect no abstract love of peace and stability…but rather a
cautious, persistent pressure towards the disruption and weakening of
all rival influence and power.” (Source: Internet).
At the time of the article being published, Marxist doctrine was
causing anxiety amongst many western leaders with their perceived
threat of socialism eventually...