The social welfare program identified for the purpose of this paper is the Center
for Children of Incarcerated parents. The social problem for which it was designed to
address is that of the effects of parental incarceration on children and families of the
incarcerated. Its’ target population, children and families of the incarcerated. This paper
will explore how services are provided and its source of funding. Additionally, it will
seek to provide an understanding of the roles of social workers and the social work
profession plays in the program. Finally, this paper will explore whether or not the
program is successful and identify any changes in policy and program that needs to be
made or improved.
The Center for Children of Incarcerated Parents (CCIP), is a California-based
non-profit organization dedicated to the “prevention of intergenerational crime and
incarceration”, (Center for Children of Incarcerated Parents, 2001). The process by
which this goal is obtained is through the “production of highly qualified documentation
on and the development of model services for children of criminal offenders and their
families”, (CCIP, ibid). Founded in 1989 by Denise Johnston and Katherine Gabel,
CCIPs has made tremendous contribution to the children and families of the incarcerated
and the social welfare system.
Center for Children of Incarcerated Parents, (2001).
was accredited in creating a variety of programs and educational projects to the incarcerated parents and those in the community. They created the Prison Parents’ Education Project (PPEP) for women being sent to the….Central California Woman’s Facility. They implemented family reunification services such as the Child Custody Advocacy Service (CHICAS) project which provides assistance like child custody, placement and other related issues; Mother/FatherRight projects designed to foster healthy parenting; the MIRACLE Project which offers a vast amount of services including case management, to pregnant jailed mothers and their families and other reunification projects provide parenting monitoring, referrals and placements, child/caregiver support groups and entrepreneurial training to the children of the incarcerated.
Parental incarceration affects a large number of children in the United States. Of
which, most are of black or Hispanic descent, and of low income families (Mumola,
2000). The number of children under the age of eighteen, with parents in U.S.
prisons, State and Federal, is rapidly increasing as a result of incarceration being used as
a form of criminal penalty or punishment(Waldman & Hercik, 2002). Children of the
incarcerated constitutes one of the largest at-risk population in the U.S. (Mumola, 2000 as
cited in Krisberg & Temin, 2001 ). Thus, making them more vulnerable to economic
stress and adverse interpersonal issues such as fear of getting close to anyone,...