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The Hundred Years' War Essay

1304 words - 5 pages

S.S Draft 5/28/10

Despite already having captured land on French main land prior to the Hundred Years’ War, England was unsuccessful in capturing the French Throne because they were out numbered, did not establish a proper beach head, and were hurt by the heroics of Joan of Arc in Phase IV. The Hundred Years’ War was unsuccessful because England was not able to capture the French throne.
From 1328-1360 was phase one of the hundred years war. It started off with a bluff from the english king Edward the 3rd. Edward pretended he want to rule France and France din’t want to go to war so they gave him the land that his family has bin fighting for for many years. In 1330 the war really started and England's first move was to put 4,000 to 7,000 troops on a pace of land that they owned in France called Gascony. In the first Phases England was losing. The French attacked first, and wouldn’t stop to let england retaliate. It took a long time for a retaliation. The French were ready for an invasion in 1338-1339, so he placed 6,000 troops Garrisons Hainault and waited for edward until sept 1339. In 1339 Edward became the vicar general. Witch gives him power over most of the countries armies in Europe. The english fleet caught the french Sluys on june 24 1340. This was a complete disaster for the french, they lost 90% of there ships and perhaps as much as 18,000 men died. Disease was a big part of the war because at camps were it was crowded disease spread fast and can wipe out armies. philip VI died on August 2nd 1350. The new king John 2nd carried out military reforms in 1351. on August 29 1350 Edward the 3rd defeated a Castilian fleet. It power was split so on May 8 1360 a treaty was made gave Edward full sovereignty in Calais, Ponthieu, Poitou. The treaty was confirmed on October 24. This ended the first phase.
From 1337 to 1386 was when phase two happened. In England the taxes in the war were getting high. They seem to be raising the right amount of money but kept falling up short on paying their troops. The war’s money seemed to be going into some officials pockets. In 1337 and In 1386, impeachment of minister occurred. The charges included were peculation and mishandling of money for the war. Edward the 3rd realized that he needed more soldiers so he started a campaign through northern France and he began talking with allies. He got about 1,000 men from Brabant, and from Juliers he got, 2,000 troops witch he met up with later in july in 1369. In 1372 the England position looked weak. In the following year the English raise there biggest army in the second phase, they raised 6,000 troops and 250 knights. between 1369-1380 the English raised 30,000 troops. England was out of money and the french still had 3,000 troops, on stand by, but they did win because of a tax rebellions and increasing political divisions during the minority of Charles VI. When the French started losing battles, they couldn't pay for any more men and the ransom of John...

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