Muslim as individual and community also faced challenges in terms of political matter. It can be proved when there are no official figures to indicate how many Muslims live in Sweden. This is because the authorities refuse to publish the statistics on religion and culture. Due to that, there is a difficulty for researchers and analysts to know about the number of Muslim born, population’s composition, living condition and many more. Up to the year 2013, the country is welcoming the immigrant to move into Sweden and the immigrant policies more open than other countries like Denmark, Canada and other countries. However, in February on the same year, the Minister of Immigration was intended to limit the volume of immigrants. This is because Muslim population in Sweden has double increase for the last 14 years.
Another challenges faced is regarding the law of banning Muslim women and students from wearing headscarf in public school and public place. For students, it also affects the law in schools around 2004 and it was extended in April 2011. Latest in November 2013, there is Muslim women even brought this case against the prohibition to the European Court of Human Rights.
There is also controversy regarding the political issues. One of them is regarding the demand on special legislation for Muslims in Sweden. The legislation includes Islamic holidays, public financing to build Mosques, Imam’s authority to approve all divorces between Muslim couples and permission for Imams to teach Islam in public schools. However this request was rejected by all political parties and the government.
At this moment, another controversy is regarding the issue of Malaysian Muslim couple in Sweden who was detained for smacking their kids because not performing their prayers. As in Malaysia, this action is acceptable for the reason to reprimanded and teach children to pray. However, according to Swedish law, it was considered as abusing the children.
The major challenges faced by Muslims in Sweden are regarding the Islamophobic and discrimination racism. Since Muslims are originally immigrant who came to that country, societies was excluding them in their community due to the difference in races and religion. However, in overcoming this issue, Swedish Muslim organization in collaboration with United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) are collaborating together concerning the increasingly racist and Islamophobic climate in Sweden. Many cases reported regarding negative treatment of Muslim in Sweden which includes freedom of speech, education, security protection, housing, health care and many more.
In terms of housing, Sweden is one of the most racially segregation countries in Europe. It means that segregation has strong social and economic component. Thus Muslim in Sweden are heavily disadvantages socially and economically. According to Cecilia Englund in her study on housing, she said that immigrants...