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The Chances For Lasting Peace In Northern Ireland

2173 words - 9 pages

The Chances for Lasting Peace in Northern Ireland

The Republicans (or Nationalists, as they are also known) are
basically the pro-Irish side of Ireland. They believe that the British
government should hand Northern Ireland back to the Republic's control
and the Britain deserves no political control. Republican extremists
(such as the IRA) use extreme violence to achieve their goal of a
United Irish Republic, and have been in the news after exploding car
bombs and such like. Nationalist moderates use political, legal,
peaceful methods but have the same aim.

Unionists/Loyalists have the opposite aim, i.e. to keep Britain 'in
the loop' of Northern Irish politics. They are the pro-English side of
Ireland. Paramilitary Unionists (like the UFF, the UDA and the UVF)
are rarely on the news lately, at least compared to Paramilitary
Republicans, possibly because of the more 'extrovert' nature of
splinter groups like the Real IRA. The political Unionists are
law-abiding but, again, have the same goal as their paramilitary

Nationalists' main beliefs are that Britain has no part in the rule of
Northern (or the Republic of) Ireland, and the boarder between
Northern Ireland and Eire should not exist. Political moderate
Nationalists think that the above only applies politically, i.e. Tony
Blair should have no control over Northern Ireland, but extremists
believe it socially, i.e. Britain should play no role in Ireland at
all, for example they believe that British Citizens should have to
treat Northern Ireland as a different country completely i.e. need
visas etc. to live and work there.

Unionist beliefs are that the British should play a part in the
running of Northern Ireland Moderates believe, more specifically, that
the politics of Ulster should be dealt with by Britain, in London.
Extremists feel that Northern Ireland should actually be owned by
Britain and be a separate country from the ROI.

2: Chose at least two events in the last 400 years. Explain how these
have been important in shaping the views of a)

b) Republicans/Nationalists/Catholics.

The Battle of the Boyne happened in July 1690, when the deposed King
James II of England (replaced by William of Orange) invaded Ireland in
order to gather Catholic support for his invasion and repossession of
England and her throne. With the siege of Londonderry as its
precursor, this gave William of Orange time to gather his troops in
Ireland (Incidentally, Williams 'Protestant' army had a number of
Catholic soldiers and the full support of the Pope). William's army
massacred James' troops at Boyne. Understandably, the Catholics aren't
very pleased about what happened at Boyne, infact it is considered by
many Irish Catholics to be a low point in the Religion's history. The

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